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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

[FWTA]

Aquifoliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A tree, to 40 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
Dark green foliage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers cream or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits red
Ecology
In montane forest, especially by streams.

[FTEA]

Aquifoliaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub, or more usually a tree, 4–24(–40) m. tall and up to 0–3(–1) m. in diameter at the base of the trunk; bark grey, fairly smooth; young branchlets often puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; lamina dark green above, paler beneath, elliptic, oblong-elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, rarely almost round, 2.5–14 cm. long, 1.3–4.6(–5.3) cm. wide, acute, apiculate or rounded at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, entire or sometimes spinous-toothed, particularly towards the apex, glabrous; midrib deeply impressed above; petiole 5–10 mm. long; stipules sub-persistent, ± 0.75–1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, usually fascicled, rarely solitary, 1–6(–7)-flowered in ♂ plants, 1–4(–5)-flowered in ♀ plants; peduncles 1–15 mm. long, puberulous; pedicels 3–8(–14) mm. long; bracts and bracteoles minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant. Female flowers with shorter staminodes; ovary globose, 4–6(–8)-locular; stigma discoid, 4–6(–8)-lobed. Male flowers with stamens 1.5–2 mm. long; rudimentary ovary conical, grooved, beaked, slightly bilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–6(–8), rounded or subacute, ± 1.5 mm. long and wide, joined at the base, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, 4–6(–8), rounded or elliptic, ± 3.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. wide, joined at the base.
sex Male
Male flowers with stamens 1.5–2 mm. long; rudimentary ovary conical, grooved, beaked, slightly bilobed.
sex Female
Female flowers with shorter staminodes; ovary globose, 4–6(–8)-locular; stigma discoid, 4–6(–8)-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes yellow-green, turning brownish-violet or crimson when ripe, globose, 4–7 mm. in diameter, rugulose and sometimes ribbed when dry, containing 4–6(–8) pyrenes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brownish, 2–3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 1.

[FZ]

Aquifoliaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of (4)5–6(7) pyrenes, c. 7 mm. in diam., subglobose, red, partially enclosed at the base by the persistent sepals.
Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 20–30 m. high or shrub, sometimes straggling, with dark shining green foliage; bark light grey-brown with prominent whitish lenticels; dioecious.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 × 4·5 cm., narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, apex acute, subrounded or emarginate and apiculate, obtuse to subacute at the base, entire or remotely denticulate (particularly towards the apex), glabrous, with numerous spreading looped lateral nerves; petiole c. 1 cm. long; stipules narrowly triangular, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, solitary or congested.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, unisexual by abortion; male flowers (1)3–5(7), subumbellate with peduncles up to 1 cm. long; female flowers 1–3(5), subumbellate on shorter peduncles or subfasciculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals minutely ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma thick and sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (4)5–6(7)-locular.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2005 Tsekeli, A. [4115], Uganda K000036013
Jan 1, 1996 Onana, J.-M. [560 A], Cameroon K000337621
Jan 1, 1993 Tekwe, C. [263], Cameroon K000436377
Jan 1, 1993 Tekwe, C. [167], Cameroon K000436873
Jul 1, 1967 Letouzey, R. [8929], Cameroon K000093488
Keay, R.W.J. [28644], Cameroon K000093495
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28513], Cameroon K000093500
Hepper, F.N. [1985], Cameroon K000093505
Ash, J. [1530], Ethiopia 34288.000
Maitland, T.D. [1660], Cameroon K000093490
Maitland, T.D. [1660], Cameroon K000093491
Brenan, J.P.M. [9395], Cameroon K000093502
Hankey [3324], South Africa 71427.000
Mann G. [1186] K000093498 Unknown type material
Mann G. [1186] K000093497 Unknown type material
Patel, H. [7376], Mozambique K000613638
Timberlake, J. [5195], Mozambique K000613923
Timberlake, J. [5265], Mozambique K000613994
Mphamba, S. [19], Mozambique K000613715
Horne, J.E.M. [FHI 40617], Cameroon K000093503
Horne, J.E.M. [FHI 40459], Cameroon K000093504

First published in Rep. Brit. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1885: 1081 (1886)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 17: 540.
  • in Rep. Brit. Ass. 1885: 1081 (1886)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 21: 243 (1967).
  • Mendes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 353, t. 75 (1966).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 215 (1962).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 50, fig. 9 (1961).
  • A. Robyns in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 110, t. 11 (1960).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 623 (1958).
  • Pardy in Rhod. Agric. Journ. 53: 960 (1956).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 31 (1952).
  • Wimbush, Cat. Kenya Timbers: 49 (1952).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 348 (1951).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 58 (1949).
  • Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20b: 65 (1942).
  • Loes. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 218 (1921)
  • Radlk. in Rep. Brit. Assoc. 1885: 1081 (1886).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0