1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta amuletum Sprague

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Creeping or prostrate subshrub with many hairy stems to 4 mm thick and up to 1.5 m long from a persistent woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves broader than long, rounded to rhombic, sometimes shallowly 3-lobed, 8–9 cm long, 9.5–12 cm wide, apex acute to obtuse, base obtuse, rarely cordate, margin shallowly to coarsely, singly to doubly crenate-serrate, sparsely stellate-pubescent above, stellate-tomentose beneath; petiole softly hairy, 5–50 mm long, sometimes with a groove above, often with 3–6 pairs of raised black glands 1 mm in diameter clustered at upper end; stipules triangular to ovate, ± 5 mm long, 2–3 mm broad.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of 2–3-flowered cymes, 1–2 at each node, subopposite the leaf; peduncle 1.5–12 mm; bracts triangular, ± 4 mm long, ± 1.5 mm broad; pedicels 1–4 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals lanceolate, 10–12 mm long, 1.5 mm broad, completely covered in white peltate scales outside, the apex with 2 blunt, dark, glabrous prongs 0.5–1 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals spathulate, 7–8 mm long and 2 mm wide distally, the proximal 1 mm densely hairy; stamens 20–27; ovary covered in large tubercles, each with 1–2 bristles at the tip.
    Fruits
    Fruit indehiscent, 20–25 mm diameter, completely covered with ± 60 spines each 5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide at the base, woody, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/1–3.
    Habitat
    Grassland and open Brachystegia woodland on loam or sand; 1200–1500 m
    Distribution
    T2 T7
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Prostrate perennial with stellate-pubescent trailing sterns up to 1 m. long or ascending to 1·2 m.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 7–10 × 3·5–11 cm., very broadly ovate or sub-circular, densely stellate-pubescent above, subtomentose below, apex subacute, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, margin irregularly crenate, 5-nerved from the base; petiole up to 5 cm. long, somewhat channelled above, stellate-pubescent, with 3–5 pairs of discoid glands c. 1 mm. in diam. just below the lamina; stipules 5–6 mm. long, lanceolate-acuminate to broadly triangular, setose-pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of leaf-opposed cymes 1–2 together on short stout pubescent peduncles up to 5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers crowded several together, on short pedicels or subsessile; bracts up to 4 mm. long, broadly lanceolate to lanceolate, setose pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 10–12 mm. long, linear, with crowded scales outside, and a subapical blackish 2-dentate horn 1–1·5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, c. 1 × 0·5 cm., obovate, narrowing rather abruptly into a basal claw which is ciliate at the margins.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore with suborbicular glands; annulus with a shortly ciliate margin.
    Pistil
    Ovary tuberculate with the tubercles terminated by 2 or 3 short setae, apparently 10-locular by the intrusion of 5 additional false septa.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 25, c. 8 mm. long; style up to 5 mm. long, slender, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit blackish when ripe, c. 2 cm. in diam., globose, covered with hard conical glabrous processes or spinose bosses c. 5 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta amuletum Sprague appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [164], Malawi K000242039 syntype
    Nicholson, D.J.G. [s.n.], Malawi K000242038 syntype

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 702 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 88, fig. 1/a (1997).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 39 (1969).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 65, t. 5/a (1963).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 365 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 245, t. 17/1 (1909).
    • Sprague in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 5: 702 (1905).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0