1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta annua L.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Annual 10–60 cm. tall; young stems with a sparse pubescence of simple hairs and a short crisped pubescence in a single line or two opposite lines down the stem.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–12 × 2–7 cm., ovate, becoming narrower upwards, acutely acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, coarsely serrate or crenate, membranous, sparingly setulose-pubescent above and below; petiole up to 7·5 cm. long, with a line of crisped pubescence on the upper side; stipules c. 5 mm. long, subulate or lanceolate setulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of small cymes 1–5 together clustered at the nodes; peduncles of cymes usually very short, up to 2 mm. long, puberulous along one side; pedicels similar, 0·5 to 2 mm. long; bracts c. 2 mm. long, lanceolate to subulate, setulose-pubescent at least on the margins.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2·5–5 mm. long, linear, sparingly setulose-pubescent particularly towards the apex or almost glabrous; sub-apical horn up to 0·5 mm. long, with one or several setulose hairs.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, slightly shorter than the sepals, oblanceolate or linear-oblanceolate, minutely ciliate at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore very short, c. 0·2 mm. long, glands subquadrate; annulus with its margin reflexed and sparingly ciliate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–12.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed-globose, echinulate, 4-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 15 mm. in diam. including the aculei, depressed-globose, glabrous or with some weak hairs on the body of the fruit and the base of the aculei, fruit body deeply reticulate; aculei c. 60 per fruit, 3–5 mm. long, broadening at the base, uncinate and slightly flexuous particularly when young.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial (0.3–)0.6–1(–2) m tall; stems solitary, yellowish, 1.5–2.5(–4) mm wide, at first densely covered in crisped hairs ± confined to 1–2 longitudinal lines, becoming glossy at length, occasionally with prickles at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly ovate to elliptic, rarely slightly 3-lobed, (1.3–)3–9.5(–11.5) cm long, (1.1–)2–6 cm wide, apex acute to acuminate, base slightly cordate to obtuse, lacking conspicuous glands, margin coarsely serrate-crenate, membranous, subscabrid to glabrous, hairs simple; petiole (8–)18–35(–45) mm long, usually hairy as the stem, on upper surface only; stipules linear, 4.5 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, slightly hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, from uppermost nodes of the stem, internodes ± 50 mm long, cymes 3–7 at each node, subopposite the leaf, 3-flowered; peduncles 2–3(–6) mm long; bracts 2(–6) mm long, as stipules; pedicels ± 1.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblanceolate, (2–)3–5.5(–7) mm long, 0.75–1.5 mm wide, apical spine l.25(–0.5) mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals broadly spathulate, ± 3 mm long, 2 mm wide, claw slightly hairy at base; stamens 4–8.Fruit dehiscent, spherical to subellipsoid, 11–20 mm diameter including spines; surface of fruit body shallowly honeycombed, completely glabrous or inconspicuously hairy with long simple hairs, spines 19–21, each 5–7 mm long, not tapered, hooked, with a single straight bristle at the apex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta annua L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Biye, E. [86], Cameroon K000746359
    May 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9461], Cameroon K000026369
    Feb 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4737], Cameroon K000746360
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [72], Cameroon K000337696
    unknown [992], Madagascar K000242110
    Schimper [386], Ethiopia K000242056
    Madagascar K000242109
    Medley Wood, J. [4132], South Africa K000242107
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1082] Triumfetta trichoclada K001110970

    First published in Mant. Pl.: 73 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1993). Flora of Thailand 6(1): 1-80. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1993). Flora of Thailand 6(1): 1-80. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 88, fig. 1b (1997).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 160, fig. 79.7/10 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 25 (1984).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 376 (1983).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 33 (1980).
    • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 190 (1974).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 49 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,: 53 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 75 (1963).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 526 (1958).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 236 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 227 (1950).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 572 (1948).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 268, t. 17/10 (1909).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 264 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 256 (1868).
    • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: i. 73 (1767).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0