1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta brachyceras K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Burundi and Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub (1–)2–4 m high, sometimes spreading over a wide area by horizontal stems; stems usually up to 8 mm thick, covered in long soft rufous hairs, but varying to dark brown subscabrid.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly oblong to ovate, 7.5–24 cm long, 6.5–15 cm wide, shallowly 3-lobed, rarely entire, the apical lobe ± 5 cm long, the lateral lobes 0.5–2 cm long, base markedly cordate, often with a sinus 6–8 mm deep, margin coarsely 2-crenate or 2-serrate, densely stellate-hairy, the hairs usually long, soft and reddish but sometimes short, subscabrid and brown or grey, more densely stellate-tomentose beneath; petiole 3.2–9(–14) cm long, 1.5–2.5(–4) mm wide, indumentum as stem; stipules sometimes persistent, triangular, 5–10 mm long, 1–3 mm wide, indumentum as stem.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, with numerous stout branches 7–60 cm long, bearing dense clusters of large flowers at nodes 1–4 cm apart, the lowest nodes with reduced leaves, the lowermost almost as large as the stem leaves, but entire, reducing steadily to narrowly ovate or elliptic leaves to 2.8 cm long, 1 cm wide, each node with 5–10(–12) cymes opposite the leaf, cymes sometimes inserted at end of a short leafless stem 1–3 cm long, cymes (1–)3-flowered; peduncle 6–10 mm long; bracts 2–5 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, as stipules; pedicels 2–5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly oblanceolate, slightly pandurate, 11–19 mm long, 1(–2) mm wide, with a short terminal spine up to 0.5 mm long, densely covered in long (1 mm) rufous hairs.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-elliptic, 10–12 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, the lower part gradually tapered into a claw, basal 1.5 mm densely hairy; stamens (10–)12–22; ovary hairy.
    Fruits
    Fruit dehiscing by 4–5 valves, subglobose, 13–20 mm diameter, reddish brown to black, glabrous, rarely with a few scattered white simple hairs, bristles 64–80, each 5–7(–9) mm long, patent, tightly hooked, with a single terminal hair.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/4–6.
    Habitat
    Forest edges and clearings and swamps; 1200–2650 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T7 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Triumfetta brachyceras K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 4, 1909 Dawe [657], Uganda K000242044 holotype
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [7660], Uganda K000242046
    Whyte, A. [S.N.], Uganda K000242045

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 432 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 161, fig. 79.7/12 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96, t. 25 (1994).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70, t. 283 (1987).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 527 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 227 (1950).
    • K. Schum. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 432 (1900).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0