1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta dekindtiana Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small shrub up to 1·3 m. tall with a long tap-root; young branches greyish-brown, tomentellous, becoming scurfy pubescent and later glabrescent and reddish-brown.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1–6·5 × 0·5–2·5 cm., ovate, ovate-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute, obtuse or rounded at the apex, margins ± irregularly serrate, rounded at the base, greyish- or greyish-brown-tomentellous on both sides; petiole 5–15 mm. long, tomentellous; stipules 2–5 mm. long, linear, tomentellous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of small cymes crowded at the nodes; cymes 1–3 or rarely more-flowered, with a tomentellous peduncle 5–8 mm. long; pedicels similar, 1–3 mm. long; bracts at the base of the pedicels 2–3 mm. long, forming an involucre, tomentellous, subulate to lanceolate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 6–9 mm. long, c. 1 mm. wide at the base, 0·5 mm. wide above, linear, reflexed just above the base, tomentellous outside, with a horn 0·5 mm. long almost at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 4–5 × 1–1·5 mm., oblong-oblanceolate, apex rounded or refuse, base ciliate.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore c. 0·5 mm. long, glands obovate; annulus ciliate, reflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 9–10; filaments c. 6 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed-globose, 4-locular, tomentellous.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 16 mm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei very numerous, slender, stellately plumose, with c. 6–8 terminal setae.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Erect shrub 1(–1.5) m tall; stems much branched, ultimate branches 1–3 mm thick, orange-brown, densely stellate-scabrid.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly ovate, occasionally elliptic, 10–59(–93) mm long, 6–30(–35) mm wide, tip acute to ± rounded, base rounded (rarely truncate), margin singly or doubly finely to coarsely serrate, upper surface grey-green, shortly stellate-hairy, lower surface grey or white, densely shortly and softly stellate-hairy (rarely subscabrid); petiole 6–17 mm, terete, swollen at top, dark brown, stellate-scabrid; stipules falling early, linear, 2 mm long, papery, brown, stellate-hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences subopposite the leaf, cymes (1–)4–5(–8) per node, each cyme with 1–5 flowers; peduncles 2–5 mm long, shortly stellate-hairy; bracts 1–3, linear, 1.5 mm long; pedicels 2–3 mm long, hairy.
    Calyx
    Sepals linear-lanceolate, 6–7 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, tip retuse, densely stellate-hairy outside.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic, 4 mm long, 1 mm wide, with rounded tip and clawed base; stamens 8, 4 mm long; ovary globose, densely stellate-hairy.
    Fruits
    Fruits 1–3 per node, spherical, 6–10(–13) mm diameter, 4-locular, at maturity dehiscing completely into 4 separate valves, surface largely covered with 80–100 bristles each ± 2 mm long, yellow-brown, densely stellate-tomentose, the long hairs obscuring the fruit-body, the bristle crowned at the tip with 4–7 very small radiate hairs.
    Figures
    Fig. 12/1–3.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and among rocks; 800–2250 m
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta dekindtiana Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Allen, C.E.T. [435], Angola K000242021

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 580 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 88, fig. 1/c (1997).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 43 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 62 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 70, t. 5/c (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 240 (1962).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 230 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 622 (1949).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 254 (1909).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 39: 580 (1907).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0