1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta digitata (Oliv.) Sprague & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. & W. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Woody shrub (0.6–)0.9(–1.2) m tall, with ascending, blackish brown, sometimes very hairy branches to 5 mm thick from a single stem.
    Leaves
    Leaves pedate or deeply pedatifid, usually completely divided, with (3–)5 leaflets, uppermost leaves often only deeply trifid, 2–8 cm long, 3–14.5 cm wide; leaflets sessile, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to linear, 1.7–7 cm long, 0.5–1.3 cm wide, acute, cuneate, sessile, margin serrate, teeth up to 2 mm long, with secondary and tertiary veins prominent above, dirty white beneath, grey-brown stellate-scabrid on both surfaces, more densely so beneath; petiole 1–4 cm long, terete, dull grey-brown densely stellate-hairy; stipules linear-lanceolate, 10–12 mm long, 2–3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, congested, hairy; peduncles 2–7-flowered, branching 2–3 times, opposite a narrowly ovate reduced leaf 6–9 mm long, 2–4 mm wide; bracts slightly smaller than the reduced leaves; pedicels ± 1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly elliptic, 12.5 mm long, 2 mm wide, with subterminal spine 4 mm long, outside densely stellate-hairy.
    Corolla
    Petals spathulate, the blade rounded, 5 mm long, 5.5 mm wide, upper margin sinuate; claw 9 mm long, ± 1 mm wide, with a narrow, densely hairy band on the inner surface ± 1 mm from the base; stamens 40–60; ovary densely villose, hairs 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblate, indehiscent, 10–11 mm long, 15–18 mm wide, completely covered by more than 100 weak bristles ± 1.5 mm long, each bristle densely covered by interlocking reddish hairs in the lower part.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/10– 11 (p. 71).
    Habitat
    Open woodland, grassland; 1200–2000 m
    Distribution
    T1 T4
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Low shrub about 0·6 m. tall or sometimes with the branches trailing and almost prostrate, branching mostly from the base; branches densely ferruginously stellate-hairy when young.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1·5–5 × 0·7–1·4 cm., deeply 5–7-partite or -digitate; segments or leaflets oblanceolate, with appressed-stellate hairs of two kinds, some small and some much larger above, whitish- or pale-brownish-tomentellous below, acute or subacute at the apex, margin serrate, cuneate at the base; petiole up to 2·5 cm. long, ferruginously hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences ferruginous, of rather dense cymes opposite the bracts ± aggregated into small terminal panicles; bracts similar to the leaves but smaller and often displaced upwards so that the inflorescences appear axillary; peduncles up to 2·5 cm. long, ferruginous; pedicels up to 5 mm. long but usually less, ferruginous and bearing linear ferruginously hairy bracteoles up to 8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 12–14 mm. long, linear, narrowing to the apex, ferruginously stellate-hairy outside, with a horn 4–5 mm. long inserted 0·75–1 mm. below the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 9–10 mm. long, obovate and narrowed into a linear basal claw which is densely villous just above the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore very short but with a villous annulus clasping the base of the ovary.
    Stamens
    Stamens 35–40, 0·8 cm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed-globose, villous, 5–6-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 3·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei, globose; aculei extremely numerous, densely plumose, with a single fine terminal seta.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Triumfetta digitata (Oliv.) Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    unknown [1], Zambia K000242036

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39: 247 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 88, fig. 1d (1997).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 70 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 67 (1963).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 365 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 247 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0