1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta flavescens Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to N. Tanzania, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Small subshrub 0.35–2 m tall; stems blackish purple (rarely white) at base, 3–4.5 mm diameter, shortly stellate-hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly orbicular, shortly oblong or ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–10.5 cm long, 2–8 cm wide, sometimes very shallowly 3-lobed, but usually shortly acuminate to rounded at tip, base truncate to cordate, margin shallowly to coarsely serrate to crenate, stellate-scabrid to subscabrid above, subscabrid to softly hairy and whitish beneath; petiole 2.5–7.5 cm long, subscabrid; stipules persistent, linear-lanceolate, 5–10(–17) mm long, 1–2.5 mm broad, usually dark brown, stellate-hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal (but the vegetative stem continuing from the highest leaf-axil), almost completely leafless, highly elongated, 14–45 cm long, stellate-subscabrid, forking once (in Flora area very rarely either unbranched or branched up to 5 times), bearing flowers only above the fork, the two branches subequal, 8–32 cm long, bearing numerous flowers at nodes 4–19 mm apart, each node bearing 1–3 cymes of (1–)3 flowers each, 0–2 of the lowest nodes bearing reduced, narrowly elliptic-rhomboid leaves 4–14 mm long, 4 mm wide, each bearing 1–3 pairs of raised glands up to 1 mm diameter at the base; peduncle 2–2.5 mm long; bracts caducous, as stipules, 2 mm long; pedicels 0.5–1.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblanceolate, pandurate, 4–8.5 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, with a very short terminal spine 0.25–0.5 mm long, outer surface golden yellow, shortly and thickly hairy.
    Corolla
    Petals 4.5–7 mm long, 2.5–4 mm wide, blade orbicular, claw 1–2.5 mm long, gradually tapering to the base, hairy patch at base diffuse, 0.75 mm long; stamens 15–22; ovary villose.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovoid, slightly longitudinally flattened, 4–6 mm long, 2.5–5 mm wide, grey-brown, covered with short simple white hairs and ± 120 stout subglabrous bristles each inclined at ± 45° towards the fruit tip and bearing 1–3 terminal hairs, each straight or recurved.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/17–21 (p. 88).
    Habitat
    Acacia - Commiphora and other dry bushland; 250–1600 m
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Triumfetta flavescens Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1020], Ethiopia K000241955 isosyntype
    Schimper [1020], Ethiopia K000241952 isosyntype
    Schimper [1794], Ethiopia K000241953 isosyntype
    Schimper [1794], Ethiopia K000241954 isosyntype
    Schimper [1442], Ethiopia K000241956 isosyntype

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 82 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 89, fig. 1/f (1997).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 164, fig. 79.7/3 & 6 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 160, fig., map (1994).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70, t. 284 (1987).
    • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 188 (1974).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 60 (1971).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 572 (1961).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 527 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 227, fig. 124 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 622 (1949).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 263, t. 17/8 (1909).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 264 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 255 (1868).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 82 (1847).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0