1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta glechomoides Welw. ex Mast.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Prostrate creeping perennial with woody rootstock; stems to 1 m long, 1(–1.5) mm thick, brown, long stellate-hairy, subscabrid.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly to broadly ovate, rarely circular, 2.5–6 cm long, 1.6–5.5 cm wide, apex rounded to obtuse, base deeply cordate, margin 1–2-crenate-serrate, upper surface subglabrous with scattered simple hairs, lower surface subscabrid with 4-armed hairs; petiole 4–11 mm long, thickly stellate-hairy; stipules linear-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, setulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences largely axillary, cymes 1–5 per node, each with (1–)3(–5) flowers; peduncle 3–7 mm long, bracts in involucre 4–7, linear-lanceolate, 3–4 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, with scattered long simple hairs to 1.5 mm long; pedicels 2–3 mm long, densely stellate-hairy.
    Calyx
    Sepals linear-oblong, 6–7 mm long, 1 mm wide, the apical spine 0.5 mm long, outer surface with scattered stellate hairs at the tip.
    Corolla
    Petals obovate, 4 mm long, 2 mm wide, claw 2 mm long with a tuft of hairs halfway up; stamens 9–11; ovary densely villose.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, ± 10 mm diameter, bristly, at first red, fleshy and berry-like, then drying brown and dehiscing by 4 valves, bristles ± 80, 1(–2) mm long, each with 1–3 scattered simple patent hairs, tip with a single, straight terminal hair, but usually broken.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/4–5 (p. 71).
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and grassland; 1400–2100 m
    Distribution
    T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Prostrate perennial with a woody rootstock; stems up to 1 m. long, stellate-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3·5–7 × 2·5–5·5 cm., ovate to very broadly ovate or subcircular, obtuse or rounded at the apex, margin crenate-serrate, cordate and 7–9-nerved at the base, sparingly hairy with simple appressed-setulose hairs above, scabrous or scaberulous below with mostly stellate hairs; petiole up to 1·5 cm. long, stellate-pubescent; stipules up to 0·8 cm. long, linear-lanceolate, setulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences at the nodes of the creeping stems or on erect flowering branches with reduced leaves up to 1·5 cm. long; cymes 2–3 per node; peduncles of cymes up to 5 mm. long, sparsely pubescent; pedicels similar, 2–3 together, c. 5 mm. long; bracts up to 2·5 mm. long, forming a small involucre, lanceolate, setulose at least on the margins.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 9 mm. long, ciliate at the base, linear, glabrous in the middle, setulose with simple or bifurcate hairs in the upper half; subapical horn up to 0·5 mm. long, usually with a single apical bristle.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, almost as long as the sepals, obovate-oblong, ciliate at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 0·5 mm. tall, glands orbicular; annulus with a ciliate margin.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, as long as the petals.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, setulose, 4-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit 10 mm. in diam. including the aculei, pink, glabrous; aculei short, 1·5 mm. long with a single terminal seta or sometimes 2–3 setae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Triumfetta glechomoides Welw. ex Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [1409], Angola K000242013

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 258 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 89, fig. 1/g (1997).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 46 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 61 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 73 (1963).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 233 (1951).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 261 (1909).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 258 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0