1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta heterocarpa Sprague & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Ethiopia to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Erect subshrub 0.3–1.2(–2) m tall; stems many, red-brown, 1–4 mm thick at base, glabrous to scabrid.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to orbicular, (0.5–)1–5.2 cm long, (0.5–)0.9–5 cm wide, apex rounded to acute, rarely acuminate, base cordate to obtuse, margin 1(–2)-serrate to dentate, stellate-subscabrid to softly hairy on both sides, discolorous; petiole terete, 1–2(–5) cm long, hairy, lacking glands at apex; stipules linear to narrowly lanceolate, 4–6 mm long, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence spike-like, terminal, sometimes pendulous, 4–18(–54) cm long, unforked (rarely with up to 5 forks, each up to 16 cm long), internodes 7–40 mm long, usually with only highly reduced leaves 2–4 mm long, each with 2 round-cylindrical glands 0.75 mm diameter at the petiole-apex, but sometimes with normal leaves at the basal nodes; cymes 1–5 per node, each (1–)3-flowered, leaf-opposed; peduncle 1–3 mm long; bracts ovate-triangular, as stipules; pedicels ± 1.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblanceolate, (4–)6–9 mm long, (0.75–)2 mm wide, densely to sparingly grey stellate-tomentose, apical spine (0.5–)0.75–1.5(–3) mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals spathulate, ± 5 mm long, 3 mm wide, basal 1 mm of claw with hairy margin; stamens 20–61; ovary hairy.
    Fruits
    Fruit spherical to ellipsoid, 5–11 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, the entire surface, including spines, yellowish-grey tomentose, sutures lacking, spines 40–55, each up to 3 mm long, with wide bases 1 mm wide, tip hooked or with inclined, usually broken bristle.
    Figures
    Fig. 12/7–9 (p. 77).
    Habitat
    Acacia - Commiphora bushland on sandy, silt or laterite soils; 30–1400 m
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia

    Triumfetta heterocarpa Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ellenbeck [406], Somalia K000241949
    Ellenbeck [1099b], Somalia K000241950

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39: 265 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 164, fig. 79.7/7–8 (1995) pro parte.
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 265 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0