1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta kirkii Mast.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to N. Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Procumbent, probably short-lived herb; stems 4 or more, rooting at the nodes, 30–50 cm long, unbranched or with many lateral stems, 0.5–1 mm thick, stellate-hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± rounded in outline, 1–2(–2.8) cm long, 1–3 cm wide, base deeply cordate (to truncate), deeply 3–5-lobed, divided by 1/4–3/4, lobes oblong, rounded at the tip, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, thinly papery, subglabrous, with scattered simple hairs above and beneath, stellate hairs on veins beneath; petiole 5.5–23 mm long, densely stellate-hairy; stipules sometimes persistent, filamentous, up to 3 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Infloresence leaf-opposed, not terminal, cymes 1 per node, (1–)3(–5)-flowered; peduncles 4 mm long (7–16 mm in fruit), densely stellate-hairy; bracts 4–5, narrowly ovate, ± 1.25 mm long, acute; pedicels 3 mm long (4–9 mm in fruit).
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowlyoblong, 3 mm long, sparsely stellate-hairy at base, spur 0.25 mm long, tip black.
    Corolla
    Petals narrowly obovate, ± 3 mm long, without a distinct claw or basal tuft of hairs; stamens 9–10; ovary long-hairy.
    Fruits
    Fruit white, dehiscing eventually into 6 nutlets, spherical, 10–15 mm diameter, densely covered in long soft bristles 5–6 mm long; bristles ± glabrous in the upper and lower 1–2 mm, but otherwise thickly covered in long translucent hairs 1 mm long, the tip with a single straight hair; body of fruit ± 2 mm in diameter, densely covered in long hairs up to 0.5 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/6–7 (p. 71).
    Habitat
    Coastal thicket; 400 m
    Distribution
    T8
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Creeping annual with slender thinly stellate-pubescent stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 0·75–1·5 × 0·7–3 cm., cordate, divided to 2/3–3/4 of the way into 3–5 lobes; lobes oblong, obtuse, crenate, thinly stellate-pubescent on both sides; petiole up to 1 cm. long, thinly pubescent; stipules c. 1·5 mm. long, linear, setose-pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of 1–3-flowered cymes, solitary at the nodes; peduncle up to 15 mm. long, filiform; bracts up to 1·5 mm. long, linear, similar to the stipules; pedicels c. 5 mm. long, filiform.
    Calyx
    Sepals up to 4·5 mm. long, linear, hooded in the upper half, pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 3·5 mm. long, narrowly oblanceolate.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore c. 0·3 mm. long with subquadrate glands; annulus ciliate on the margin.
    Stamens
    Stamens 12; filaments up to 3 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary bristly, 3-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit 15 mm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei very slender and very numerous, plumose above, glabrous below, terminated by a single seta.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Triumfetta kirkii Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000242037

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 259 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 89, fig. 1/h (1997).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 33 (1980).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 40, t. 2 (1969).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 65 (1963).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 365 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 246, t. 17/2 (1909).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 259 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0