1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta pilosa Roth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Limpopo, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small shrub c. 1·3 m. tall; stems often quadrangular, sparingly stellate-pubescent or densely tomentose, hair-bases often tubercled.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–12 × 3–7 cm., ovate to oblong-lanceolate, acutely acuminate or acute at the apex, margin coarsely serrate, rounded to cordate at the base, puberulous or pubescent or densely tomentose especially below; petiole up to c. 5 cm. long; stipules up to 0·8 cm. long, subulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leafy, of small cymes crowded at the nodes; peduncles of cymes and pedicels very short, up to 5 mm. long, but often less; bracts 2–4 mm. long, linear or lanceolate-linear, setulose-pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 7–10 mm. long, linear, pubescent or tomentose; subapical horn very short, c. 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, slightly shorter than the sepals, linear to oblanceolate-linear, ciliate at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore up to 0·75 mm. tall, glands orbicular; annulus densely hirsute above.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–10.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, echinulate, 3–4-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1·5–2·7 cm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei 0·5–1 cm. long, glabrous or pilose, uncinate at the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub 1–3 m, often weak-stemmed and straggling or scandent; stem terete, 4–7 mm diameter, moderately clothed in long (to 1.5 mm) rigid reddish hairs which, towards the base of the stem, have black aculeate bases, these persisting and becoming prickle-like, hairs rarely stellate and lacking aculeate bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate, never lobed, 6.5–13 cm long, 2.2–6 cm wide, apex acute to subacuminate, base obtuse to slightly cordate, coarsely 1(–2)-serrate, pilose beneath (moderately clothed in long rigid largely simple hairs), indumentum shorter and sparser, sometimes subscabrid above; petiole terete, 1.2–2.5(–5) cm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, densely clothed in long brownish hairs; stipules often persistent, dark brown, triangular, 6 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, indumentum as petiole.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences at apex of lateral and main branches, 5–35 cm long, bearing slightly reduced leaves with very short petioles, nodes 1–3.5 cm apart, each with 1–4(–5) leaf-subopposed cymes, cymes (1–)3-flowered, peduncle 2(–5) mm long, indumentum as petiole; bracts narrowly triangular-ovate, 2–3 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, ± glabrous; pedicel 1(–2) mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly lanceolate, slightly pandurate, 5–10 mm long, thickly covered in stellate hairs, less usually glabrescent.
    Corolla
    Petals rounded oblong, 5–7(–11) mm long, 1.5–3(–4) mm wide, the lower 0.7–1 mm of the claw with a densely pubescent margin; stamens 9–11(–15); ovary subvillose.
    Fruits
    Fruit dehiscent, spheroidal, (14–)16–24 mm diameter, with 72–100 dark brown rigid bristles, each 6–8(–11) mm long, densely clothed in long, simple hairs, sometimes covering only one side of the bristle, rarely glabrous, apex hooked and with a single terminal hair.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/7–10 (p. 88).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta pilosa Roth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 26, 2018 Millar, A.N. [23379], Papua New Guinea K000939553
    Jul 26, 2018 Streimann, H. [8671], Papua New Guinea K000939555
    Jul 26, 2018 Kairo, A. [30886], Papua New Guinea K000939552
    Jul 26, 2018 Galore, M. [17577], Papua New Guinea K000939554
    Jul 26, 2018 Sillitoe, P [83/59], Papua New Guinea K000939549
    Lace, J.H. [4266], Myanmar K000686930
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K000242041 syntype
    Bouton [s.n.], Madagascar K000242108
    s.coll. [1079], Indian Subcontinent K000686928
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1077], Nepal Triumfetta oblongata K000639525
    Govan, G. [Cat. no. 1077], India Triumfetta oblongata K001110959
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1077] Triumfetta oblongata K001110960
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1076] Triumfetta oblongata K001110954
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1076] Triumfetta oblongata K001110955
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1076] Triumfetta oblongata K001110956
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1076] Triumfetta oblongata K001110957
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1076], India Triumfetta oblongata K001110958
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1077] Triumfetta oblongata K001110961
    Schimper [853], Ethiopia Triumfetta abyssinica K000241957
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1079], Myanmar Triumfetta polycarpa K001110967

    First published in Nov. Pl. Sp.: 223 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91. [Cited as Triumfetta bogotensis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 92, fig. 2/m (1997).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 161, fig. 79.7/13–14 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70 (1987).
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 26 (1984).
    • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 190 (1974).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 50 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 54 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 76 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 572 (1961).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 529 (1958).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 273, t. 17/12 (1909).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
    • Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. Ind. Orient.: 223 (1821).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0