1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta setulosa Mast.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived subshrub 0.15–1 m tall; stems rigidly erect, rarely the laterals decumbent, 1–2.5 mm diameter, black or greenish brown, smooth, moderately covered in fine white or pale brown stellate hairs, or less usually long simple hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves rhombic-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, always unlobed, 2.5–7(–10.5) cm long, 1.1–3.1(–4.2) cm wide, apex acute to rounded, base cuneate to slightly cordate, margin serrate, subglabrous to subscabrid above with either or both stellate and simple hairs, tomentellous beneath with white or pale brown stellate hairs, rarely subglabrous (in shade growth); petiole distinctly swollen at tip, ± terete, 0.4–1.2(–1.8) cm long, 0.5 mm wide, indumentum as stem; stipules persistent, black, triangular, 3–6 mm long, 0.25–0.75 mm wide, densely covered in long simple hairs outside.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, with 0–6 branches each 5–30 cm long, nodes all with slightly reduced leaves,each node 5–35 mm apart, with 3–6 leaf-opposed cymes; cymes (1–)3-flowered, peduncle 2–3.5 mm long, indumentum as stem; bracts as stipules, 1.5–2.5(–4) mm long, 0.5 mm wide; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly oblong, 4–4.5 mm long, 0.75 mm wide, with a few scattered simple hairs, the apical spine 0.5 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals rounded oblong, 4–4.5 mm long, 1 mm wide, the poorly defined claw sometimes glabrous at the base; stamens (5–)10; ovary sub-villose.
    Fruits
    Fruit dehiscent, subglobose, 8–10 mm diameter, with 98–120 patent bristles, each 2(–3) mm long, densely to sparsely covered in stiff, brown patent hairs, the tip with a cluster of 1–4 short hairs.
    Figures
    Fig. 12/4–6 (p. 77).
    Habitat
    Brachystegia or TerminaliaCombretum woodland, grassland, sometimes in old cultivation or at roadsides; 750–1600 m
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 T8 U1 U3 U4
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small bushy annual herb up to 1 m. tall; branchlets yellowish-tomentose when young, stellate-pubescent later.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2·5–5 × 1–3 cm., lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute at the apex, margin serrate, rounded at the base, sometimes irregularly so, stellate-pubescent above or glabrescent with stellate hairs of different sizes or with some longer simple hairs, greyish-tomentose below; petiole up to 6 mm. long, densely pubescent; stipules 2–3 mm. long, subulate, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leafy, with 2–5 cymes per node; peduncles of cymes 1–3 mm. long, slender, pubescent; pedicels similar, 0·2 mm. long; bracts 2–3 mm. long, subulate, ciliolate.
    Calyx
    Sepals reddish-brown, 6–7 mm. long, stellate-pubescent outside but almost glabrous towards the base; subapical horn setulose with a few bristles.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, c. 5 mm. long, linear-oblanceolate, ciliate just above the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore c. 0·25 mm. long, with glands; annulus very finely ciliolate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10–12, c. 5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, densely pubescent, 4-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit 7–8 mm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei stellately pubescent with 2–6 spreading setae at the apex.
    [FWTA]

    Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An undershrub, 3–4 ft.
    Indumentum
    Stem stellate-hirsute
    Flowers
    Flowers small, yellow.
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Perennial herb or small shrub with slender stellate-pubescent stems becoming glabrous later.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 4–8 × 0·8–2 cm., oblong-lanceolate, acute to subacute at the apex, margin serrate-denticulate, the teeth rather widely spaced (3–6 mm. apart), broadly cuneate at the base, upper surface with a thinly scattered simple setulose pubescence, lower surface with a thinly scattered simple and stellate-setulose pubescence, veins rather prominent; petiole 4–15 mm. long, stellate-pubescent; stipules 4–5 mm. long, subulate, setulose-pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leafy, of small cymes up to 7 at a node; peduncles of cymes 3–4 mm. long, pubescent; pedicels similar, 1–3 together, 1–2 mm. long; bracts 2 mm. long, subulate, setulose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5 mm. long, linear, glabrous towards the base, sparsely stellate-pilose towards the apex; subapical horn 0·5 mm. long, terminated by a single seta.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 4–4·5 mm. long, oblanceolate, apex rounded, sparsely pilose just above the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 0·3 mm. tall, with transversely oblong glands; annulus very shortly ciliate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments 3–4 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, 4-locular; style 3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4–5 mm. in diam. (hardly mature), globose, with many aculei which are very sparsely setulose-pubescent and with 1–4 forward-pointing terminal setae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta setulosa Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hens, F. [269], Congo K000241972
    Schweinfurth, G. [16] Triumfetta micrantha K000241961 Unknown type material
    Barter [1550], Nigeria Triumfetta dubia K000241991
    Gillet, J. [s.n.], Cameroon Triumfetta dubia K000241969
    Schweinfurth, G. [2144] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241958
    Schweinfurth, G. [2144] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241959
    Schweinfurth, G. [2458] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241960
    Gillet, J. [531], Cameroon Triumfetta intermedia K000241970

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 259 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lachenaud, O. (2009). La flore des plantes vasculaires de la République du Congo: nouvelles données Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 199-214.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Lachenaud, O. (2009). La flore des plantes vasculaires de la République du Congo: nouvelles données Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 199-214.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 160, fig. 79.7/9 (1995).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,: 10: 62 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 70 (1963).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 231 (1951).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 256 (1909).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 259 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0