1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta tomentosa Bojer ex Bouton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Namibia.

    [FWTA]

    Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An undershrub, 2–5 ft.
    Indumentum
    More or less tomentose all over
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small shrub occasionally up to 3 m. tall; branches with a brown woolly indumentum.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–12 × 2·5–7 cm., ovate or lanceolate-ovate, sometimes slightly 3-lobed, acute at the apex, margin irregularly serrate, cordate or sub-cordate at the base, greyish-brown-tomentose, more densely so beneath; petiole up to 6 cm. long, woolly; stipules c. 7 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, densely pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leafy, with the leaves narrower than the cauline ones and progressively smaller upwards, of small cymes crowded at the nodes; peduncles of cymes and pedicels very short, c. 2 mm. long or less, densely pilose or tomentose; bracts 3–4 mm. long, linear, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4·5–8·5 mm. long, linear, pubescent outside towards the base and tomentose towards the apex; subapical horn 0·2–0·5 mm. long, densely stellate-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 4–7 mm. long, linear-oblanceolate, rounded at the apex, villous at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 0·5 mm. long, with suborbicular glands; annulus densely ciliate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–10; filaments 6–7 mm. long; ovary 4-locular, globose, densely setose.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei numerous, pilose with simple hairs or almost glabrous and with the terminal setae single, straight or slightly curved.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub (0.5–)1–3 m high; stems erect, 3.5–7 mm diameter, thickly covered in a pale brown downy tomentum of largely stellate hairs (easily scraped away by a fingernail).
    Leaves
    Leaves usually discolorous, oblong to ovate, the lowest slightly 3-lobed, 5.5–12.5 cm long, 2.5–9.5 cm wide, apex acute to subacuminate, central lobe ± 3 cm long, lateral lobes ± 0.5 cm long if present, base cordate to obtuse, margin 2-serrate, rarely crenate, densely covered beneath in a soft tomentose down of white stellate hairs, the hairs sparse above and with fewer and shorter arms; petiole terete, 0.9–4.5 cm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, indumentum as stem; stipules persistent, dark brown, narrowly triangular, 6–7 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, branches sparse, 10–22 cm long, lower nodes with slightly reduced, unlobed leaves, nodes 0.7–3.2 cmapart, each with 6–10 leaf-opposed cymes, cymes (1–)3-flowered; peduncle 3–4 mm long, indumentum as stem; bracts very narrowly ovate, 1.5–3.5 mm long, 0.25–0.5 mm wide; pedicels 1.5–2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly lanceolate to oblong, slightly pandurate, 5–7(–10) mm long, 1 mm wide, densely grey stellate-hairy, apical spines 0.25 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals rounded-oblong, 4–5(–8.5) mm long, 0.7–1.5(–3.0) mm wide, basal 0.75(–2) mm of the claw fringed with hairs, pubescent; stamens 9–12; ovary subvillose.
    Fruits
    Fruit dehiscent, subglobose, (6.5–)9–15(–17) mm in diameter, with 96–140 patent dark brown bristles 2–7 mm long, each very sparingly to densely covered in soft, white simple hairs, the apex straight to curved, but not hooked, with a single, often inclined, terminal hair.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/11–13 (p. 88).
    Habitat
    Varied, from Juniperus, Podocarpus forest to swamp margins to bushland on dry hillside; occasional in old cultivation; 0–2200 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 pantropical

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Triumfetta tomentosa Bojer ex Bouton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Maitland, T.D. [1767], Cameroon K000094552
    Tanzania K000242047 holotype
    Bouton [s.n.], Kenya K000242048
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 1080], Tanzania K001110968
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687552
    Griffith [663], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687548
    Griffith [663], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687549
    King's collector [989], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687550
    Thomson, G. [59], Singapore Triumfetta pseudocana K000687551

    First published in Rapp. Annuel Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. île Maurice 12: 19 (1842)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Not accepted by

    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse. [Cited as Triumfetta cana.]
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). [Cited as Triumfetta cana.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Sprague & Hutch. in J. Linn. Soc. 39: 260.
    • —F.T.A. 1: 258
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 92, fig. 2/s (1997).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 161, fig. 79.7/15 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 160 (1994) pro parte.
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70 (1987).
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 27 (1984).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 376, fig. 120/3 (1983).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 684, fig. 236/3 (1982)
    • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 190 (1974).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 60 (1971).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 45 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,: 10: 58, fig. 1c, 3c (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 72, t. 5/d (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 240 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 573 (1961).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 530 (1958).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 309 (1958).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 232 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 226 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 622 (1949).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 33 (1948).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 571 (1948).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 366 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 260, t. 17/5 (1909).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 22, 111 (1895).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 258 (1868).
    • Bojer in Bouton, Douzième Rapp. Ann. Maur.: 19 (1842).
    • Bojer, Hort. Maurit.: 43 (1837), nom. nud .,

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0