1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta trifida Sprague & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to c. 5 m. tall; branches rather thick and with a ferruginous tufted scabrous stellate tomentum.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–10 × 4–14 cm., palmately lobed to rather more than half-way, the base broadly cordate to truncate; lobes 3–5, 2–8 × 1–4 cm., oblong, acute at the apex, irregularly serrate, sparsely appressed-stellate-pilose and somewhat scabrid above, brownish-tomentose below, with raised nerves; petiole up to 8 cm. long, stellately ferruginous-tomentose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal panicles or corymbs, of shortly pedunculate c. 10-flowered cymes; peduncles of cymes 1–5 mm. long, ferruginously scabrous-tomentose; pedicels similar, 1–3 mm. long, bracts 4–8 mm. long, lanceolate to subulate, setulose-pubescent and with a short appressed-stellate pubescence also.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 10 mm. long, broadened at the base giving a swelling in the bud, linear above, appressed-stellately tomentellous outside; subapical horn c. 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals orange-yellow, c. 10 mm. long, spathulate-oblong, rounded or truncate and serrate at the apex, narrowed to a falcate claw below, tomentose at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 1–1·5 mm. long, with large closely spaced glands; annulus villous.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 30, 10 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed-globose, villous, 3-locular.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 6·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei very numerous, subulate-filiform, softly stellate-pubescent and terminating in a fine long seta which is easily rubbed off and then apparently absent.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Many-stemmed shrub 0.6–5 m tall; stems 4–6 mm thick, erect, brown, abrasive, with scattered, easily detached stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves triangular in outline, 6.5–7 cm long, 9–12 cm wide, 3(–5 when pedatifid)-lobed, divided by 8/10(–9/10), segments ovate-elliptic, 4.5–6 cm long, 2.5–3.5 cm wide, tip rounded to acute, margin slightly serrate to serrate, strongly stellate-scabrid above, subscabrid-tomentose beneath; leaves on flowering lateral branches shallowly 3-lobed or entire; petioles 4.2–6.2 cm long, 1 mm broad, indumentum as stem; stipules caducous, triangular-lanceolate, 6 mm long, 2.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal with numerous lateral branches, cymes 1 per node, 1–3-flowered; peduncle 2.5–4 mm long, indumentum as stem; bracts 3–4, as stipules but 3–5 mm long; pedicels 0.5–3 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblong-pandurate, 12–16 mm long, 2 mm wide, the exterior thickly covered in short stellate hairs, apical spur 0.5–1 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals narrowly spathulate, 12–13 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, the claw as long as the blade, with a dense tuft of hairs spreading laterally 1 mm from the base; stamens 27–31; ovary thinly covered with long hairs.
    Fruits
    Fruits indehiscent, spherical, 5-locular, 34–47(–55) mm in diameter including bristles, the fruit body 8–9 mm in diameter, densely covered in long flexuose bristles, each 14–25 mm long, 0.25 mm wide, covered along their length with very short, relatively sparse, stellate hairs; bristle-tips glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/8–9 (p. 71).
    Habitat
    Brachystegia and probably Julbernardia woodland; 1600–2000 m
    Distribution
    T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Triumfetta trifida Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1957 Miller, O.B. [219/31], Zambia K000242033 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1957 Miller, O.B. [D 151], Zambia K000242035 syntype
    Jan 1, 1957 Stevenson, D. [219/31], Zambia K000242034

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39: 248 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 67, fig. 2c (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 67 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 240 (1962).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 365 (1921).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 248 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0