1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
      1. Triumfetta welwitschii Mast.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub with 1–many annual shoots 6–60 cm tall springing from a vertical perennial woody rootstock 0.5–2 cm thick and blood-red when cut; stems clothed at base in grey triangular scale-leaves (± 2 mm long and broad), brown, 0.1–1 mm wide, glabrous, scabrid or softly hairy with short and/or long, white, yellowish or reddish stellate and/or simple hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves often absent at anthesis, linear to elliptic, 3.5–10 cm long, 0.7–5 cm wide, apex truncate, obtuse or acute, base cuneate, serrate but sometimes only at the tip, leathery, glabrous to stellate-scabrid or softly hairy above and beneath; petiole 2(–5) mm long, hairy, with 2 pairs of glands towards the apex at the sides; glands globose to shortly cylindical, 0.5–0.7 mm long, inconspicuous in some (?young) leaves; stipules filiform to narrowly triangular, 5–11 mm long, 0.5(–2) mm wide, glabrous, brown, membranous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, highly branched, often produced before the leaves expand, branches from the axils of highly reduced and inconspicuous reduced leaves 3–10 mm long, ± 1.5 mm wide, each bearing 1–8 pairs of globose-cylindrical glands 0.5–0.75 mm long; branches up to 16 cm long, each bearing 1–numerous 1–5-flowered cymes; bracts as stipules, 5–6 mm long; pedicels 6–8 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± oblong, 8–10 mm long, 1–1.5(–2.5) mm wide, yellow to grey, densely stellate-hairy (hairs long or short); apical spine 0.25–0.5 mm long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals spathulate, without a distinct claw, 7–8 mm long, 3.5–5 mm wide, base with a few scattered hairs; stamens 28–34.
    Fruits
    Fruits indehiscent, spherical, 20–30 mm diameter including bristles, fruit body globose, ± 5 mm diameter hidden by the 95–130 thin, flexuous, reddish bristles, each 8–14 mm long and densely covered at the base with white or yellowish hairs 0.5 mm long (hairs more thinly scattered along the length of the bristles), the tip capped with 1–4 straight hairs.
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Perennial herb sending up annual stems from a woody rootstock; flowers developing before the leaves on the first shoots and some purely vegetative leafy shoots appearing later in the growing season; stems 20–45 cm. tall, yellowish- or greyish-tomentellous, glabrescent below.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–11 × 0·4–2 cm., linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, tomentellous or softly pubescent, more densely so below, or almost entirely glabrous except when very young, apex obtuse, rounded, acute or apiculate, narrowly cuneate at the base, margin entire or serrulate or conspicuously serrate; petiole c. 0·5 cm. long, tomentellous; stipules c. 0·75 cm. long, subulate-triangular, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, up to 15 cm. long, of small dense cymes with the internodes elongating in fruit, closely covered with a yellowish or golden velvety tomentum; bracts c. 2·5 mm. long, linear, silky-pubescent outside.
    Calyx
    Sepals 6–10 mm. long, linear-oblong, spathulate, golden-tomentellous outside, with a subapical horn 0·25–0·5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 5–9·5 × 3–5 mm., spathulate-oblong to obovate, rounded or slightly emarginate at the apex, villous just above the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore c. 0·5 mm. long; annulus with a ciliate rim.
    Stamens
    Stamens 20–50.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, villous.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2–2·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei, globose; aculei very numerous, c. 7 mm. long, very slender, plumose, with 1–3 fine setae at the apex.
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Perennial with a similar habit and general appearance to T. welwitschii but differing in having broader lanceolate-oblong stipules c. 8 × 5 mm.; stems and lower surfaces of leaves with a dense spreading golden-yellow tomentum and the upper surfaces dark green becoming bronzed when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves on the whole larger than in T. welwitschii, i.e. up to 11 × 6 cm., more prominently veined and with densely crenate-serrate margins.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Triumfetta welwitschii Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greenway, P.J. [8086], Zambia 706.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [4459], Zambia K000242024 holotype
    Fanshawe, D.B. [4459], Zambia K000242025 isotype
    Welwitsch [1414], Angola K000242026 Unknown type material
    Rogers, T. A. [26138], Zambia K000242022 Unknown type material
    Rogers, T. A. [26138], Zambia K000242023 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 255 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 93, fig. 2/t (1997).
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 21 (1984).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 40 (1969).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 64 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 68, t. 5b (1963).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 229 (1951).
    • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 253 (1909).
    • Baker f. in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot., ser. 2, 4: 7 (1894).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 255 (1867).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0