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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Tropical African Mountains.
Anthriscus sylvestris

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Erect, strong-growing perennial, 0.6–1.5(–l.8) m., with a ± incrassate, subtuberous rootstock propagating by offsets.
Morphology Stem
Stem fistular, striate to sulcate, glabrous throughout or ± pubescent below, shrinking below the nodes when dry, much-branched with branches alternate or several arising from the same point.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3 to sub-4-pinnate, delicate and fern-like; lower leaves deltoid in outline, the lamina ± 6–30 × 5–25 cm., with toothed, lanceolate to ovate, acute to rather blunt segments 1–4 mm. wide, furnished with white substrigose hairs on the venation (especially beneath) to subglabrous; lamina with a long, acuminate, pinnatipartite apex and pointed apical segment or blunter with the apical segment trifid; sheaths ± 2–4.5 cm., oblong, striate, glabrous to ciliate or tomentose, broadly membranous-margined, auriculate above; petiole long, ± 7–16 cm., glabrous or it and the rhachis white-pilose especially between the pinnae and pinnules; upper leaves becoming smaller, more shortly petiolate and finally sessile, less divided.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels on ± 1.5–6 cm. peduncles; rays (3–)4–12, glabrous, ± 0.5–3.5 cm.; involucre absent or very rarely a single small oblong bract present; partial umbels 5–12-flowered; pedicels 3–8 mm. with a ring of bristles at the top; 2–9 flowers bearing fruit; involucel of mostly 5–6 oblong-obovate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, finally deflexed, finely ciliate, pale-margined bracteoles 3–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Outer petals somewhat radiant, 2–3 mm., notched above, inner ± half the length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit narrowly oblong-elliptic or oblong-ovate, ± 6–9 × 2 mm., with an indistinct grooved beak slightly 3-angled dorsally, glabrous and shining or covered with antrorse, tuberculate-based bristles; stylopodia shortly conical, exceeded by the rather slender ± 1 mm. styles.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial, 60–100(–150) cm, much-branched from halfway or below
Morphology Stem
Stem stout, fistular, sulcate, either glabrous throughout or, with petioles of lower leaves and lower branches, ± hispid or shortly hairy
Morphology General
Upper parts, including the umbel rays, glabrous (excepting bracteole margins and sometimes fruit)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all similar, broadly deltoid in outline tripinnate into ovate to oblong-lanceolate, acute segments, lower long-petiolate, uppermost sessile on sheaths, all glabrous on upper surface, ± hispid on lower surface on veins and along margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 2–4(–7) cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels many, 4–15(–20)-rayed, fertile rays 2.5–4 cm Partial umbels 7–15-flowered, outer flowers distinctly radiate, 4 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucel of ± 5 oblong, 2–6 mm, ciliate bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–8 × 2–2.5 mm, broadest near the base and attenuate above, glabrous or furnished with short, stiff, curved, tuberculate-based bristles; beak very short, sulcate, less than 1 mm as a rule, not clearly marked off from the body of fruit; primary ribs only faintly visible above, and in the beak; pedicels with a ring of hairs at tip immediately below the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia turgidly conical, suddenly attenuate into the persistent, ± 1 mm styles, disk depressed.
Distribution
Almost throughout Europe; also widely distributed in temperate Asia from Turkey through N & NW Iran, Caucasus, Kashmir, Tibet and the Himalayas to Korea, China and Japan; NW, tropical and S Africa; introduced in N America.
Note
Var. sylvestris, with glabrous fruit, occurs throughout most of the range of the species but not in Iraq. In Iraq represented by var. nemorosa

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

British Columbia, Cape Provinces, Chile South, Connecticut, Greenland, Idaho, Illinois, Lesotho, Madeira, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Georgia, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2009 Katende, T. [817], Uganda K000545479
Oct 1, 2009 Katende, T. [1007], Uganda K000545480
Oct 1, 2009 Kisalye, N [547], Uganda K000545481
Sep 27, 1982 Fries, R.E. [702], Kenya K000311100
Sep 27, 1982 Doggett, W.G. [s.n.], Uganda K000311101
Sep 27, 1982 Doggett, W.G. [s.n.], Uganda K000311102
Naiga [228], Uganda K000449400
Fay, M.F. [MFF205], United Kingdom K000696479
Cope, T.A. [RBG 33], Great Britain K000914283

First published in Gen. Pl. Umbell.: 40 (1814)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hamlin, B.T. & Kittredge, W.T. (2014). New England note. Further discoveries in the Middlesex Fells Rhodora. Journal of the New England Botanical Club 116: 224-227.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meades, S.J. & Brouillet, L. (2019). Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador https://www.newfoundland-labradorflora.com/checklist/.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2005). Flora of China 14: 1-581. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 910 (1872);
  • DC., Prodr. 4: 223 (1830);
  • Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 2, 7: 34 (1967);
  • Hedge & Lamond in F. Turk. 4: 323 (1972);
  • Hedge & Lamond in Fl. Iranica 162: 85 (1987);
  • Hoffm. Gen. Umb.: 40 (1814);
  • Schischkin in Fl. SSSR 16: 128 (1950);
  • She Menglan, Cannon & Watson in Fl. China 14: 26 (2005).
  • Zohary, Fl. Palest. ed. 2, 1: 529 (1932);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Hamlin, B.T. & Kittredge, W.T. (2014). New England note. Further discoveries in the Middlesex Fells Rhodora. Journal of the New England Botanical Club 116: 224-227.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2005). Flora of China 14: 1-581. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 351 (1974).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 639 (1959).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 299 (1895).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 16 (1877).
  • Hoffm., Gen. Umb.: 40 (1814).

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Flora of Iraq
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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