1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ambrosinia Bassi
      1. Ambrosinia bassii L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & W. Central Medit.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic
    Very small seasonally dormant plants; spadix fused laterally on both sides to spathe and entirely enclosed by it, forming a septum dividing the spathe into two chambers, with a single gynoecium on one side and the male flowers arranged in two rows on the other.
    General Description
    HABIT: very small herbs, seasonally dormant, stem a rhizomatous tuber. LEAVES : 2-4. PETIOLE : sheath short, subequal to blade. BLADE : ovate or ovate-elliptic, obtuse, often spotted; primary lateral veins 2-3 on each side, mostly arising at petiole insertion, arcuate, running into apex, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : Solitary, lying horizontally on ground. PEDUNCLE : short, hypogeal, elongating in fruit. SPATHE : ellipsoid, boat-shaped, not constricted, basally convolute, gaping above, interior surfaces bearing hair-like processes, stellate hairs occurring on inner and outer surfaces of ventral (pistillate) chamber, apex forming curved beak. SPADIX : enclosed by the spathe, shortly appendiculate, adnate to internal wall of spathe by septum-like lateral dilations thus forming two longitudinal chambers separating male flowers from female; ventral chamber (held uppermost) containing single female flower, dorsal chamber (held lowermost) containing usually 16 thecae arranged in two parallel rows of 8 each. FLOWERS : unisexual, perigone absent. MALE FLOWER : each row of 8 thecae represents 4 sessile stamens (see note), thecae oriented transversely, opening by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : extruded in irregular masses, inaperturate, ellipsoid-oblong, medium-sized (44 µm.), exine striate-reticulate, with narrow undulate striae in “football” pattern, breaking up into verrucae at ends. FEMALE FLOWER : ovary 1-locular, ovules many, orthotropous, funicles rather long, placenta discoid, basal, style long, attenuate, curved towards spadix axis, stigma discoid, flattened, held parallel to spadix axis. INFRUCTESCENCE: BERRY: depressed-globose, many-seeded, style and old stigma persistent, whitish with reddish tinge. SEED : subglobose to ellipsoid, testa costate with weak reticulation, brown, hard, with large, white, conical strophiole (aril), embryo straight, elongate, endosperm copious.
    Habitat
    Warm temperate scrub and woodland; geophytes, usually in macchie (maquis) scrub, forest floor, humus deposits between rocks or in open stony ground.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Corse, Italy, Sardegna, Sicilia, Tunisia

    Ambrosinia bassii L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Italy 54954.000
    Bogner, J. [2101], Italy K000480364
    Bogner [2101], Italy 57302.000
    Bogner [2105] 58004.000
    Bogner [2101A], Italy 58029.000
    Reverchon, E. [372], France K000480355
    Reverchon, E. [372], France K000480356
    Reverchon, E. [s.n.], France K000480357
    Reverchon, E. [20], Italy K000480361
    Reverchon, E. [20], Italy K000480362
    Reverchon, E. [20], Italy K000480363
    Trabut, L. [s.n.], Algeria K000480374
    Huet du Pavillon, E. [s.n.], Italy K000480368
    Forsyth-Major, C.I. [292], France K000480359
    Jordan, A. [1864], France K000480358
    Jordan, A. [1864], France K000480360
    Todaro, A. [s.n.], Italy K000480367
    Reuter, G.F. [s.n.], Algeria K000480372
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K000480369
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K000480371
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K000480375
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K000480376
    Muller, U.I. [s.n.], Italy K000480365
    Ross, H. [88], Italy K000480366
    [Labert, C.] [s.n.], Algeria K000480370
    Durando [7], Algeria K000480373

    First published in Gen. Pl. ed. 6: 517 (1764)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0