1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne.
      1. Amorphophallus cirrifer Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Thailand.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Thailand. Endemic. Described from plants cultivated at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, sent by A.F.G.Kerr [type: A.F.G.KERR 17022 (holotype K)].

    General Description

    Tuber elongate, 6–25 × 4–8 cm, not branched. Leaf solitary; petiole smooth, 70–100 cm × 8–15 mm, background colour blackish brown, paler upwards and pale green at the apex, covered by large elliptic, confluent spots, these brown, dirty olive-brown or pale green, often nearly entirely obscuring the background; leaf blade 60–100 cm diam., rachises winged all over; leaflets elliptic-oblong to obovate, apex acute, 6–20 × 4–10 cm, adaxially green, abaxially pale green. Inflorescence solitary, short or moderately long pedunculate; peduncle appearance as petiole, 3–14 cm × 5–8 mm; spathe campanulate, base convolute, depressed-ovoid, separated by a constriction from the limb, apex acute or obtuse, apiculate, margin irregularly undulate, limb horizontal or suberect, 6–15 × 6–13 cm, base within bearing many fleshy, conical or strongly elongate-conical warts, these pointing downwards and sometimes partly confluent forming ridges, limb exterior maroonish and spotted dark green, interior uniformly maroon, exterior base slightly or distinctly glossy pale pink with brown veins, interior more or less irregularly marbled with whitish and spotted with dark purple, veins reddish; spadix sessile, longer than spathe, 10–45 cm long; pistillate flower zone cylindrical, 5–30 × 4–14 mm, flowers congested or distant, mixed with numerous, hair-like staminodes; ovaries consisting of one ovary surrounded near the base by 4–6 staminodes; ovaries globose or slightly ellipsoid, ca 1–1.2 × 1 mm, circular in cross-section, pale green or white with a greenish flush and some irregular purple spotting at the apex; stigma sessile, oval in cross-section, shallowly or deeply bilobed or rarely trilobed, dark brown, grey or pale grey with a purplish flush, 0.5 × 0.8 × 0.5 mm, lobes conical, subacute, surface rugulose; sterile interstice small or nearly absent, consisting of distant staminodial flowers, 4–10 mm long; staminodes ca 1 cm long, base globose (in sterile interstice) or spindle shaped (between pistils), white, sometimes fused with adjacent base, remaining part hair-like, flexuous, purple, staminodial flowers of neuter zone consisting of 5–7 hair-like staminodes as on other parts of the spadix or with intermediate staminodes, consisting of an obconical, ca 0.5 mm long base with reduced thecae, and connectives transformed into a long hair; staminate flower zone cylindrical or slightly obconical, 1–3 cm × 4–14 mm, flowers congested or distant, mixed with scattered, hair-like staminodes; staminate flowers (1–) 3–6-androus and often 1–3 hair-like staminodes in the middle; stamens ca 1 mm long; filaments ca 0.1–0.3 mm long, connate, connective slightly enlarged, purple, often with a longitudinal groove, sometimes incomplete, leaving the opposite pores connected on one side; appendix elongate-conical or the distal half rat-tail-like, acute, suddenly horizontally or less strongly flexed just above the base, upper part also horizontal or bending upwards, base inflated and often strongly laterally compressed, irregularly sulcate, in between with inflated, apparently staminodial ridges, remainder shallowly corrugate but for scattered, long, hair-like staminodes, 8–40 × 1–3.5 cm (base), soon narrowing above base, entirely blackish purple. Infructescence cylindrical, ca 6 × 3 cm; fruit ovoid to subglobose, ca 1 × 1 cm, ripening white.

    Habitat

    Deciduous forest, open dry mixed forests, degraded deciduous forest and bamboo–rich ‘jungle’. 50–400 m asl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Thailand

    Amorphophallus cirrifer Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [170], Thailand K000291451 Unknown type material
    Kerr, A.F.G. [170], Thailand K000291453 Unknown type material
    Kerr, A.F.G. [170], Thailand K000291452 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Mag. 149: t. 9000 (1924)

    Accepted by

    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0