1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne.
      1. Amorphophallus hirtus N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central & S. Taiwan.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Dense grasslands.
    General Description
    Tuber whitish, turning grayish brown upon exposure, globose or depressed globose, 2–9cm high, 3–15cm in diam., weighing up to ca. 1500g, seasonally producing numerous thin, rhizomatous offset tubers, these to 3 × ca. 1 cm. Leaf solitary; petiole dark green with numerous tiny, blackish green spots or with larger, ± diamond-shaped, pale grayish green spots, these filled with numerous dark green, elongate dots, 20–100cm, 1–2.6cm in diam. at base, turgid, glabrous; leaf blade 30–120cm in diam., highly dissected; rachises only in distal half of blade winged, wings sinuous; leaflets adaxially dark emerald green with a pinkish violet margin, ± obovate or elliptic-oval, 5.5–11 × 2.5–4.5cm, ± fleshy, long acuminate; venation impressed adaxially. Inflorescence solitary, long pedunculate; peduncle colored as petiole, 38–125cm, 1–4cm in diam. at base. Spathe strongly convolute at base, outside pale green, faintly flushed with purple or dark grayish green with numerous pale whitish green spots, proximal ones confluent, veins dark green, inside blackish maroon, campanulate, constricted between base and limb, broadly triangular, 13–53 × 12–45cm, covered with numerous shortly ridgelike, laterally compressed, fleshy warts, base obliquely urceolate, thickly walled, apex acute; limb horizontally spreading or obliquely upturned, outside pale green, flushed with purple-brown or dark grayish green with angulate, whitish green spots and margins dirty purple, without spots, inside ± maroon, flushed with green or with numerous small, rounded, sometimes confluent, whitish greenish spots, veins maroon, margin undulate. Spadix emitting a strong smell of old socks or strong compost, ± stipitate, much longer than spathe, 31–88.5cm, stipe 0.2–1cm, female and male zones separated by a narrow sterile zone; female zone slightly obconic or cylindric, 1.6–6.5cm, 1.1–3.5cm in diam. at base, 1.2–3.7cm in diam. at apex, flowers lax; ovary: basal half white, apical half blackish maroon, ± globose, ca. 2.5mm high, ca. 2.5mm in diam., orbicular in cross section, ± gradually tapering to style, 2-loculed, with 1 basal ovule per locule; style maroon, thick, ca. 1 × 1.5mm; stigma ± pyramidal, orbicular in cross section, ca. 1.8mm high, ca. 2.5mm in diam., shallowly 2(or 3)-lobed, lobes pale olive-green, rounded, scabrous; sterile flowers between male and female zone consisting of 1–7 staminodes, these consisting of a swollen, often depressed, white base and a purple hair 5–10mm; male zone urceolate, terete or slightly laterally compressed, distal margin straight or very irregular, 3–9cm, 0.9–3.7cm in diam. at base, 2–7cm in diam. at apex, flowers congested, with scattered, purple hairs between; male flowers consisting of 3–6 stamens; stamens very shallowly hemispheric, ca. 2mm, some uppermost stamens intermediate with hairs on appendix, carrying a short hair on connective or reduced to a slightly concave, broad base, carrying a hair (staminode); filaments short, ca. 0.5mm, connate; anthers ca. 1.5 × 3–3.5mm, polygonal in cross section, apex very shallowly rounded, ivory-white, producing a clear fluid from top during female anthesis; connective brownish; pores apical, elongate, oval after anthesis; appendix very narrowly conic, 25.5–73cm, 2–7cm in diam. at base, entirely purple or with numerous dirty greenish, small spots, with numerous laxly disposed hairs, these directed perpendicular to appendix axis, 0.2–1.5cm, purple, in shallow pockets, base not swollen, apex obtuse, producing a clear fluid during female anthesis.
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    Amorphophallus hirtus N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    H.AM [132A] 58005.000
    Henry, A. [1914], Taiwan K000499228 Unknown type material
    Henry, A. [1914], Taiwan K000499229 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 181 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0