1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne.
      1. Amorphophallus longituberosus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bangladesh to N. Peninsula Malaysia.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia (type of A. viridis).

    General Description

    Tuber elongate, moderately branched at maturity, off-white, turning grey or blackish brown at exposure, 5–25 cm long, apically 2–7.5 cm in diam.. Leaf solitary; petiole 10–120 × 0.5–2.5 cm (base), smooth, often with a whitish waxy coating, ground colour dirty pale or mid grey, pale pinkish, or pale green covered to various extents with dark grey or dark blackish green oval or narrowly elongate spots and/or stripes, the last often running the entire length of the petiole; leaf blade highly dissected or moderately so, 30–120 cm diam., rachises winged all over; central main segment without major branching; leaflets elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate 6–26 × 1–5 cm, short or long acuminate, base decurrent, slightly succulent, main veins impressed, adaxially green, abaxially pale green. Inflorescence solitary, long pedunculate; peduncle appearance as petiole, 10–90 × 0.8–1.5 cm (base); spathe erect, elliptic to elongate triangular, acute, apex hooded or nearly so, base convolute, widening at staminate anthesis, 4–22 × 2–12 cm, base interior nearly smooth, with few, scattered, shallow warts or densely covered with tiny, punctiform warts or moderately to densely covered with fleshy, elongate, variously branched warts, exterior pale grey with several rounded or broad, elongate, dark grey spots/stripes and small white dots or uniformly green or greenish white with a few small white spots and/or some maroon streaks and a reddish or violet margin, interior entirely dirty greyish white or pale green, sometimes the upper part flushed with violet, with a darker green or pale to dark maroon base, margin sometimes flushed with greyish purple; spadix sessile, slightly or distinctly shorter than spathe, 3–15.5 cm long; pistillate flower zone cylindrical or slightly obconical, 0.5–2.5 × 0.5–1.5 cm, flowers congested or slightly distant; ovaries depressed, circular or diamond-shaped in cross-section, pale green, 2–, 3–, or 4-locular, one basal ovule/locule, 1–1.3 × 2–5 mm; style 0.2–2 mm long, greenish or off-white; stigma capitate, oval, triangular, subcircular or circular in cross-section, margin often reflexed, shallowly or distinctly 2–, 3– or 4-lobed, 1–2.3 mm, surface minutely echinate, orange, pale yellow or whitish, lobes hemispherical or conical; staminate flower zone slightly or more distinctly conical, occasionally fusiform, 1.0–5.5 × 0.5–1.8 cm, flowers congested, fused to one basal layer with superficial anthers upwards; staminate flowers consisting of 3–6 stamens; stamens 2.5–3 mm long, off-white or pale orange-yellow; filaments 1.5–2 mm long, entirely connate forming a thick column being distinctly enlarged in the lowermost flowers and mostly pushing the anthers to a marginal position, adaxially truncate and with shallow grooves separating the anthers; anthers subglobose, 1 × 1.3 mm, occasionally reduced in the lowermost flowers, connective large, massive, often high, sometimes producing one or two tiny, clear yellowish brown droplets during pistillate anthesis, sometimes all connectives in one flower radiating from the centre of the column, partly or entirely separating the pores and thickened towards the outer end; pores elongate, lateral, margins occasionally reddish brown, sometimes confluent through incomplete separation by the connective; appendix cylindrical to conical, apex obtuse, base sometimes with a few rounded thick staminodes intermediate between stamens and appendix wall, smooth, moderately glossy, ivory-white or pale purplish grey, warm at pistillate anthesis and producing a distinct scent of anise, 2–7.5 × 0.6–2.2 cm. Infructescence cylindrical, 2–8 cm long with a few or many berries; fruits 1–, 2–, 3, or 4-seeded, at first green, ripening red, elliptic or rounded, ca 1 cm long; seeds ca 7 mm long, testa pale brown with small, black spots, germinating even in the berries.

    Habitat

    Shaded or open places in evergreen or deciduous forests, in dry dipterocarp or diperocarp–oak forests, in scree, on sandy or rocky poor ground, on limestone or shale or granite, 0– 600 m asl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Malaya, Thailand

    Amorphophallus longituberosus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Ridley, H.N. [15926], Peninsular Malaysia K000291440 isotype
    Bogner, J. [371], Thailand 34423.000
    Bogner, J. [371] 37335.000
    Bogner [371], Thailand 58924.000
    Anon., Thailand 29047.781

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 23C: 73 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 77-82.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 77-82.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0