1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trachyspermum Link
      1. Trachyspermum pimpinelloides (Balf.f.) H.Wolff

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania and Socotra.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual herb, ± 15–70 cm. tall, much branched from near the base upwards except in depauperate plants, with long divergent branches; stem and branches slender, terete, striate, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves withered at time of flowering; lowest stem leaves ± 7–9 × 3–6 cm., lamina broadly deltoid-ovate, ± bipinnate with 2–3 pairs of pinnae, basal pair with petiolules up to ± 1.5 cm. long, pinnae rather irregularly divided into linear, glabrous, rather bluntly mucronate segments up to ± 1.8 cm. long and ± 0.5–1.5(–2) mm. wide, flat with ± revolute margins, not dentate; petioles ± 2.5–4 cm. including the tapering, 4–10 mm., ribbed sheath; upper stem leaves becoming smaller, with shorter petioles and finally sessile, and segments narrower but otherwise very similar; uppermost leaves also much divided but very small.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels numerous, with ± 3–10 rays 6–32 mm. long, glabrous or minutely scabrid; involucre absent or of a single linear bract up to ± 6 mm. long; partial umbels ± 11–18-flowered; pedicels 1–3 mm., glabrous or with bristly hairs; involucel of 3–6 subulate, 2–4 mm. bracteoles with scabrid margins; peduncles ± 2–8 cm., glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx obsolete.
    Corolla
    Petals white, obcordate with abroad, deep notch, ± 0.75 mm., shortly white hairy; anthers yellow or orange.
    Fruits
    Fruit broadly ovate, ± 2 × 2 mm., white pilose or only verrucose, ribs not very prominent though more so in the verrucose form; stylopodia bluntly conical; styles slender, deflexed along the sides of the fruit, 2–3 times as long as the stylopodium.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Socotra, Somalia, Tanzania

    Trachyspermum pimpinelloides (Balf.f.) H.Wolff appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1882 Balfour, I.B. [190], Socotra Carum calcicola K000310913 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1882 Balfour, I.B. [367], Socotra Carum calcicola K000310914
    Jan 1, 1882 Balfour, I.B. [367], Socotra Carum pimpinelloides K000310910 holotype
    Jan 1, 1882 Balfour, I.B. [564], Socotra Carum pimpinelloides K000310911
    Jan 1, 1882 Balfour, I.B. [459], Socotra Carum pimpinelloides K000310912
    Jul 1, 1998 Hooper, S.S. [1158], Kenya Trachyspermum aethusifolium var. verruculosum K000332816
    May 9, 1984 Napper, D.M. [580], Kenya Trachyspermum aethusifolium var. verruculosum K000332817
    Welwitsch [2513], Angola Trachyspermum aethusifolium K000310922

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 228(90): 91 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0