1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m. tall, terrestrial, often (hemi-)epilithic.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 6–15 mm. thick, glabrous or yellowish to whitish-tomentose or puberulous, periderm often flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina cordate to broadly ovate or subreniform, 6–19 x 5–20 cm., subcoriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to subacute or obtuse to rounded; base cordate; margin entire; superior surface glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins, inferior surface puberulous to subtomentellous, sometimes indumentum only in the axils of the lateral veins, occasionally glabrous; lateral veins 7–9 pairs, the basal pair branched, ending at the margin at or above the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 2–10(18) cm. long, 2–4 mm. thick, epidermis not flaking off; stipules 5–20 mm. long, puberulous or glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs, or sometimes up to 4 together, in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, pedunculate or subsessile; peduncle 3–15 mm. long; basal bracts (2)2.5–3.5 mm. long, persistent, free parts occasionally caducous, leaving a collar-like rim.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose, obovoid or ellipsoid, 12–20 mm. in diam. when fresh, 5–15 mm. in diam. when dry, sparsely, minutely puberulous, reddish or yellow at maturity.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, to 25 ft. or more high
    Ecology
    On rocky hills in savannah.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m. tall, terrestrial (often epilithic).
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 6–10 mm. thick, glabrous or yellowish to white tomentose, tomentellous or puberulous, periderm often flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina ± coriaceous, cordiform to broadly ovate or subreniform, 6–17 × 5–18 cm., apex shortly acuminate to subacute, obtuse or rounded, base cordate, margin entire; upper surface glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins, lower surface puberulous to subtomentellous, sometimes only in the axils of the lateral veins (or occasionally glabrous); lateral veins 7–9 pairs, the basal pair branched, reaching the margin at or above the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 2–10(–18) cm. long, 2–4 mm. thick, epiderm not flaking off; stipules 0.5–2 cm. long, puberulous or glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils or just below the leaves; peduncle 0.3–1.5 cm. long; basal bracts 3–3.5 mm. long, free parts caducous.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose, obovoid or ellipsoid, 1.2–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1.5 cm. when dry, sparsely minutely puberulous, reddish or yellowish at maturity.
    Habitat
    Riverine, lakesides, rock outcrops and scarps; 550–1050 m.
    Distribution
    K2 T5 T8 U4 extending to Guinée and Ethiopia, also disjunctly to Mozambique, S. Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1976 Kotschy [462], Sudan K000243317 Unknown type material
    Sep 1, 1976 Kotschy [462], Sudan K000243318 Unknown type material
    Chevalier, A. [2665], Mali K000385931
    Schweinfurth, G. [2842], Sudan K000243316 Unknown type material
    Pope, G. [641], Zimbabwe K000315282
    Sim, T.R. [6302], Mozambique K000243387
    Mott, P.J. [337], Botswana K000315243
    Oopen, F.L. [199.255], Zimbabwe K000315281
    Naegele, A. [2936], Mauritania K000385930
    Wild, H. [19041], Zimbabwe Ficus soldanella 11732.000
    Wild, H. [28203], Zimbabwe Ficus soldanella 11733.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1614], Sudan Ficus discifera 2692.000

    First published in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 288 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 598.
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 191
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 162, t. 54 (1985).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 9, fig. 1 (1979).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 609 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 272 (1952).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 191 (1916).
    • Miq. in Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 288 (1867).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0