1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus asperifolia Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub up to 5 m. tall; branches often whippy, straggling or subscandent.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, white to brown hirtellous, hispidulous, ± strigillose or almost glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous, alternate; lamina elliptic to oblong, ovate, subobovate, lanceolate or sometimes linear, 3–23 x 1.5–12 cm., usually ± asymmetrical, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, apex acuminate to caudate, acute or sometimes obtuse, base cuneate or rounded, margin dentate to irregularly pinnately lobed or divided, sometimes subentire; superior surface scabrous, hispidulous or strigillose, the inferior surface hispid to hirtellous, sometimes almost glabrous; lateral veins usually 3–10 pairs, up to 13 pairs in large leaves, or more than 13 pairs in very narrow leaves; petiole 5–20 mm. long; stipules 3–6 mm. long, puberulous to almost glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs 1–3(5) together in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, sometimes on the older wood; peduncle (5)8–15 mm. long; bracts 2–4, small, scattered on the peduncle, 2–4 similar bracts on the receptacle outer surface; receptacle depressed globose to obovoid, c. 1.5–3 cm. in diam. when fresh, 1–1.5 cm. in diam. when dry, ± hispidulous, dark red to orange or yellowish at maturity.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Shrub up to 5 m. tall, often with whippy, straggling or subscandent branches.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, white to brown hirtellous, hispidulous ± strigillose or almost glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous, alternate; lamina chartaceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to oblong, ovate, subobovate, lanceolate or sometimes linear, 3–12 × 1.5–12 cm., usually ± asymmetrical, apex acuminate to caudate, acute or sometimes obtuse, base acute to obtuse or rounded, margin dentate to irregularly pinnately lobed or divided or sometimes subentire; upper surface scabrous, hispidulous or strigillose, lower surface hispid to hirtellous, sometimes almost glabrous; lateral veins 3–10 pairs, in large leaves up to 13, or in very narrow leaves often more than 13; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long; stipules 0.3–0.6 cm. long, puberulous to almost glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs 1–3(–5) together in the leaf-axils or just below the leaves, sometimes on the older wood; peduncle up to 4 mm. long; 2–4 small bracts scattered on the peduncle, 2–4 similar bracts on the outer surface of the receptacle.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle depressed globose to globose or obovoid, ± 1–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1.2 cm. when dry, hispid or hispidulous, dark red to orange or yellowish at maturity.
    Habitat
    Forest, often at edges or riverine, and in wooded grassland; 650–1850 m.
    Distribution
    extending to Senegal, S. Sudan, N. Angola and N. Zambia K3 K4 K5 T1 T4 U1 U2 U4
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub, usually scrambling
    Branches
    Brownish-purplish branchlets
    Leaves
    Scabrid leaves
    Ecology
    By rivers.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub with branchlets drying brown-purple.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Laos

    Ficus asperifolia Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Baker, W.J. [207], Cameroon K000518856
    Sep 1, 2004 Rønsted, N. [215], Cameroon K000339892
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7130], Cameroon K000026719
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9519], Cameroon K000026715
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [8373], Cameroon K000026931
    Jun 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3497], Cameroon K000026718
    Jun 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2763], Cameroon K000026720
    Jun 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3444], Cameroon K000026721
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2526], Cameroon K000026717
    Jun 1, 2002 Groves, M. [94 B], Cameroon K000026722
    Jun 1, 2002 Zapfack, L. [933], Cameroon K000026716
    Jun 1, 2002 Gosline, G. [238], Cameroon K000026714
    Jun 1, 2002 Gosline, G. [227], Cameroon K000026729
    Jan 1, 1993 Kwangue, A. [55], Cameroon K000011730
    Deighton, F.C. [5573], Sierra Leone 15932.000
    Vogel [47], Nigeria K000243183
    Vogel [47], Nigeria K000243184
    Zenker, G.A. [1709], Cameroon K000243227 Unknown type material
    illegible [6336], Angola K000243365 Unknown type material
    Welw. [6403], Angola K000243366 Unknown type material
    Audrey [6359], Angola K000243364 Unknown type material
    Dawkins, H.C. [495], Uganda Ficus urceolaris 11736.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [502], Uganda Ficus urceolaris 13144.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4739], Uganda Ficus urceolaris 2708.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1821], Sudan Ficus urceolaris 2709.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1534], Sudan Ficus urceolaris 2711.000
    Miller, A.K. [395], Uganda Ficus urceolaris 23412.000
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [7760], Uganda Ficus storthophylla K000243338 Unknown type material

    First published in London J. Bot. 7: 231 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 127.
    • Chev. Bot. 595
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 111
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 124, t. 40 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 440, fig. 148.1 (1982).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 29 (1962).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 606 (1958).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 127 (1948).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 111 (1916).
    • Hook, f., Niger Fl.: 524 (1849).
    • Miq. in Lond Journ. Bot. 7: 231, 564, fig. 15B (1848).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0