1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus capreifolia Delile

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub up to 6 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems slender, usually with stiff branches.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, puberulous to hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± distinctly distichous and alternate or subopposite to subverticillate; lamina subovate to oblong or lanceolate, sometimes elliptic, 2–15 x 1–5.5 cm., symmetrical, chartaceous, apex acute, obtuse or rounded, 3-lobed or 3-dentate, base rounded to obtuse or cuneate, margin subentire or ± faintly crenate; both surfaces scabrous; lateral veins 5–12 pairs; petiole 2–10(25) mm. long; stipules 5–10 mm. long, partly puberulous, mostly subpersistent.
    Fruits
    Figs solitary or in pairs in the leaf axils; peduncle 5–15 mm. long with 3 small bracts scattered or whorled; receptacle stipitate, without bracts on the outer surface, 1.5–3 cm. in diam. when fresh, globose, often pyriform and 1–2.5 cm. in diam. when dry, hispidulous, green to pale yellow at maturity, stipe up to c. 5 mm. long.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub
    Leaves
    Scabrid leaves
    Branches
    Branchlets villous when young
    Ecology
    By river banks in the savannah regions.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Shrub up to 6 m. tall, usually with stiff branches.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, puberulous to hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± distinctly distichous and alternate or subopposite or the leaves subverticillate; lamina chartaceous, subovate to oblong or lanceolate, 2–15 × 1–5.5 cm., symmetrical, apex acute, obtuse, rounded, 3-lobed or 3-dentate, base rounded to obtuse or acute, margin subentire or ± faintly crenate; both surfaces scabrous; lateral veins 5–12 pairs; petiole 0.2–1(–2.5) cm. long; stipules 0.5–1 cm. long, partly puberulous, mostly subpersistent.
    Infructescences
    Figs solitary or in pairs in the leaf-axils; peduncle 0.5–1.5 cm. long; 3 small bracts scattered on the peduncle or in a whorl, without bracts on the outer surface of the receptacle.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle with a stipe up to 5 mm. long at least when dry, globose and 1.5–3 cm. in diameter when fresh, often pyriform and 1–2.5 cm. in diameter when dry, hispidulous, green to pale yellow at maturity.
    Figures
    Fig. 17.
    Habitat
    Coastal, or riverine in low rainfall areas inland, often forming stands or thickets; 0–1450 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 U3 extending to Senegal, Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola and South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Sandpaper fig

    Ficus capreifolia Delile appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 6, 1985 Sim, T. R. [6237], Mozambique K000243367 lectotype
    Mar 7, 1984 Rodin, R.J. [9190], Namibia K000315294
    Tanzania 29239.000
    Ash [826], Ethiopia 37153.000
    Codd, L.E. [5058], South Africa K000315287
    Codd, L.E. [6688], South Africa K000315293
    Headley (RF8), P.M. [232], Ethiopia 7504.000

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 94 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • ? F. niokoloensis Berhaut Fl. Sen. 104, 129 (1954), French descr. only.
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 126.
    • — F.T.A. 6, 2: 107 (incl. var. ovatifolia Hutch.)
    • Engl. Pflanzenw. Afr. 3, 1: 41, fig. 24
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al., Fl. Cameroun 28: 127, t. 41 (1985).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 11, fig. 2 (1979).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 29, fig. 6A (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 315 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa,ed. 2, 1: 605 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 268 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 243 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 353 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 126 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 96 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 107 (1916).
    • Del. in Ann. Sci. Nat, sér 2, 20: 94 (1843), as “capreaefolia ”.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/