1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus glumosa Delile

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Artabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(–15) m. tall or a shrub, terrestrial, with spreading branches.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–6 mm. thick, with dense short white hairs, especially on the nodes intermixed with much longer yellow to sometimes whitish hairs or glabrous, periderm of older parts flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina subcoriaceous, oblong to elliptic or broadly ovate, sometimes obovate or subcircular, 2–14 × 1.2–9.5 cm., apex shortly acuminate to subacute or subobtuse, base cordate, sometimes rounded, margin entire; upper surface puberulous to hirtellous to subtomentose, or almost glabrous, lower surface subtomentose on the main veins, often partly yellow hirsute or entirely glabrous; lateral veins 3–7 pairs, the basal pairs branched, sometimes faindy, reaching the margin below or sometimes at the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate or tending to scalariform, the smaller vein-reticulum beneath inconspicuous; petiole 0.5–4(–8) cm. long, 1–2(–2.5) mm. thick, epiderm not flaking off; stipules 0.5–1.5(–2.4) cm. long, on flush up to 4 cm., at least partly yellow or sometimes whitish hirsute to subsericeous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils or down to ± 1 m. below the leaves, sessile or sometimes on peduncles up to 3 mm. long; basal bracts ± 3 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose or ellipsoid, ± 1–1.5(–2) cm. in diameter when fresh, ± 0.5–1 cm. when dry, densely tomentose to pubescent to almost glabrous, orange to pink or red at maturity, often with darker spots.
    Habitat
    Rocky outcrops, scarps, lava flows in wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 500–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 extending to Senegal, Yemen and South Africa
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Trees up to 10 m. tall or shrubs, terrestrial, branches spreading.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–6 mm. thick, indumentum dense, of short white hairs intermixed with much longer yellow to whitish hairs especially on the nodes, or glabrous; periderm of older parts flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina oblong to broadly elliptic or broadly ovate, sometimes obovate or subcircular, 2–14(19) x 1.2–9.5(13) cm., subcoriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to subacute or subobtuse; base cordate, sometimes rounded; margin entire; superior surface puberulous, hirtellous or subtomentose, sometimes almost glabrous, inferior surface subtomentose, main veins yellow hirsute or glabrous; lateral veins 3–7 pairs, the basal pair faintly branched, usually ending at the margin far below the middle of the lamina, or sometimes at or above the lamina middle, tertiary venation reticulate or tending to scalariform, the smaller veins (reticulum) inconspicuous beneath; petiole 0.5–4(8) cm. long, 1–2(2.5) mm. thick, epidermis not flaking off; stipules 5–15 mm. long, up to 40 mm. long on new flush, caducous, partly or ± sparsely hirsute to subsericeous, the indumentum bright yellow or sometimes whitish.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils or 0–10 mm below the leaves, subsessile or sometimes on peduncles up to 3 mm. long; basal bracts c. 3 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, c. 1–1.5 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.5–1 cm. in diam. when dry, densely tomentose to pubescent or almost glabrous, orange to red or pink at maturity, often with darker spots.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus glumosa Delile appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 12, 1983 Ward, C.J. [7527], South Africa K000315292
    Sep 1, 1976 Kotschy [495] K000243312 isotype
    Sep 1, 1976 Kotschy [495] K000243313 Unknown type material
    Sep 1, 1976 Beccari [19], Sudan K000243315
    Verdcourt, B. [2892], Tanzania 23760.000
    Greenway, P.J. [10319], Tanzania 23402.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [25726], Nigeria 15948.000
    Deighton, F.C. [5429], Sierra Leone 11090.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4203], Sierra Leone 13131.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [147], Nigeria 11092.000
    Richards, H.M. [17977], Tanzania 24892.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1609], Sudan 2695.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [F4505], Zambia K000315291
    Hepper, F.N. [1492], Cameroon 24895.000
    Hepper, F.N. [5891], Yemen 35735.000
    unknown [57], Sudan K000243314 isotype
    Hagerup, O. [55], Mali K000385925
    Welw. [6361], Angola K000243383 Unknown type material
    Welw. [6380], Angola K000243384 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [483], Malawi K000614561
    Wild, H. [25220], Zimbabwe Ficus sonderi 2706.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3165], Tanzania Ficus sonderi 11734.000
    Richards, H.M. [13680], Zambia Ficus sonderi 24456.000
    Richards, H.M. [18227], Zambia Ficus sonderi 32864.000
    Polhill, R. [1204], Tanzania Ficus sonderi 22928.000
    Polhill, R. [1205], Tanzania Ficus sonderi 23366.000
    Faulkner, H. [1336], Tanzania Ficus sonderi 15961.000
    Robson, N.K. [1213], Malawi Ficus sonderi 11731.000
    Richards, M. [20515], Zambia Ficus sonderi 30675.000

    First published in F.Caillaud, Voy. Méroé 4(prepr.): 63 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 170, t. 58 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 444, fig. 148.5 (1982).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 25, fig. 6 (1979).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 609 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 609 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 270 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 248, fig. 55a (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 359 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 147 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 104 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 171 (1916).
    • Del., Cent. Pl. Méroé: 63 (1826).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0