1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Algeria to Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–6 mm. thick, sparsely pubescent to densely tomentellous or subvelutinous, indumentum white to brownish.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf lamina ovate to elliptic, oblong or sometimes lanceolate, (2.5)5–20 x (2)3–11 cm., coriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to acute, sometimes to obtuse; base cordate, occasionally truncate or ± broadly cuneate; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 8–11 pairs, the (main) basal pairs ± distinctly branched, almost straight and thus not running parallel to the margin, the other veins often furcate far from the margin.
    Petiole
    Petiole 0.5–4 cm. long, 1–3 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–1 cm. long, densely yellowish-tomentose to subvelutinous or glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, subsessile or on peduncles up to 0.5 mm. long; basal bracts c. 2 mm. long; receptacle subglobose, 1–2 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.5–1 cm. in diam. when dry, minutely white to brown puberulous or partly hirtellous, sometimes densely tomentose or pubescent, whitish pink to pale or dark purple at maturity; wall wrinkled when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 18 m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–6 mm. thick, sparsely white or brownish pubescent to densely tomentellous or subvelutinous.
    Leaves
    Lamina coriaceous, ovate to elliptic or oblong, (2.5–)5–18 × (2–)3–9 cm., apex acuminate to acute, sometimes obtuse, base cordate, occasionally truncate to obtuse, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 8–11 pairs, the main basal pairs ± distinctly branched, almost straight, thus not running parallel to the margin, the others often branched far from the margin; petiole 0.5–4 cm. long, 1–3 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–1 cm. long, densely yellowish tomentose to subvelutinous or glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils or just below the leaves, subsessile or on peduncles up to 0.5 cm. long; basal bracts ± 2 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ± globose, 1–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1 cm. when dry, minutely white to brown puberulous or partly hirtellous, sometimes densely tomentose or pubescent, whitish to pink or pale to dark purple at maturity; wall wrinked when dry.
    Figures
    Fig. 20, p. 62.
    Habitat
    Most often on rock outcrops, lava flows, coral and limestone in drier or exposed areas, streamsides, sometimes more extensive stands in disturbed forest, coastal bushland and wooded grassland; 0–2600 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 extending to Yemen, Senegal, Angola, Botswana and South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10446], Cameroon K000746160
    Jan 1, 1913 Galpin, E.E. [8173], South Africa K000243471
    Jan 1, 1913 Galpin, E.E. [8173], South Africa K000243472 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1913 Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000243470 Unknown type material
    Wild, H. [28200], Zimbabwe 11072.000
    Wild, H. [3093], Zimbabwe 2697.000
    Wild, H. [3015], Zimbabwe 2699.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3362], Tanzania 15950.000
    Troupin, G. [2749], Rwanda 2698.000
    Ash [316], Ethiopia 6049.390
    Dalziel, J.M. [910], Nigeria K000243194 Unknown type material
    Polhill, R. [1049], Tanzania 22938.000
    Polhill, R. [1171], Tanzania 23739.000
    White, F. [2178], Zambia 2700.000
    Schimper [1771], Ethiopia K000243288 isotype
    Schimper [1771], Ethiopia K000243289 holotype
    Schimper [943], Ethiopia K000243290 Unknown type material
    Schimper [943], Ethiopia K000243291
    Dalziel, J. M. [305], Nigeria K000243193
    Sim, T.R. [5653], Mozambique K000243372
    Sim, T.R. [5653], Mozambique K000243373
    Timberlake, J. [5159], Mozambique K000613539
    Oct 1, 1976 Schweinfurth, G. [1687], Eritrea Ficus ingentoides K000243292 syntype
    Dalziel, J.M. [305], Nigeria Ficus katagumica 11073.000 Unknown type material

    First published in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 288 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chantarasuwan, B., Berg, C.C. & van Welzen, P.C. (2013). A revision of Ficus subsection Urostrigma (Moraceae) Systematic Botany 38: 653-686.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chantarasuwan, B., Berg, C.C. & van Welzen, P.C. (2013). A revision of Ficus subsection Urostrigma (Moraceae) Systematic Botany 38: 653-686.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berget al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 149, t. 49 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 444 (1982).
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 100 (1981).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 30, fig. 7 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 317 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 607 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 268 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 250, fig. 56b (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 355 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 121 (1948).
    • Peter in Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 98 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 121 (1916).
    • Miq. in Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 288 (1867).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0