1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus insipida Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to S. Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has social uses, as animal food and for firewood.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2850 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Tree.
    Vernacular
    Cumacanae (Guahibo), lipanae (Guahibo), bibosi, cocoba, ira, sacha ojó, copei.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2850 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Árbol
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Animal Food
    Eaten by wild animals (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Fuelwood
    Used as fuelwood (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Fibres
    Bark - Used to make hats, fabrics, fans, purses, belts and for crafts (Linares et al. 2008).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Used for construction (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
    Social
    'Roots' - The bark is used by indigenous people in the Colombian Amazon to make yanchama fibre canvases, drawings, costumes and ceremonial masks (Carvajal et al. 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Cachinguba, caucho, caucho menudito, chibechi, higuerón, yanchama, leche de casingua, leche de higuerón menudito, ojó, lechero, ficus, gomelero, higueroncillo, cope higuerón, copei.

    Ficus insipida Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 10, 1995 Schultes, R.E. [3788], Colombia K000912985 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Lewis, M. [37679], Bolivia K000512010
    Jan 1, 1983 Smith, H.H. [747], St. Vincent & the Grenadines K000912972 syntype
    Mar 1, 1961 White, C.E. [1054], Bolivia K000512009 isotype
    Sequeira, V., Ecuador 58787.000
    Jul 31, 2013 Ule, E. [9309], Peru Ficus glabrata K000964161
    Jul 31, 2013 Krukoff, B.A. [5692], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964159
    Jul 31, 2013 Krukoff, B.A. [8563], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964158
    Jul 31, 2013 Krukoff, B.A. [8039], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964164
    Jul 31, 2013 Krukoff, B.A. [8039], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964165
    Jul 31, 2013 Prance, G.T. [16777], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964157
    Jul 31, 2013 Hamilton, W.D. [304], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964160
    Jul 31, 2013 Spruce [1641.2], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964166
    Jul 4, 2013 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [7231], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964163
    Jul 3, 2013 Lleras, E. [P17478], Brazil Ficus glabrata K000964162
    White, O.E. [1054], Bolivia Ficus glabrata K000912986 isotype
    Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [2183], Mato Grosso Ficus insipida subsp. scabra K000447948

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 1143 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Pederneiras, L.C. & Romaniuc-Neto, S. (2019). Taxonomic revision of Ficus sect. Pharmacosycea (Moraceae) Systematic Botany Monographs 107: 1-148.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Ibarra-Manríques, G. & al. (2012). El género Ficus L. (Moraceae) en México Botanical Sciences 90: 389-452.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Berg, C.C. & Villavicencio, X. (2004). Taxonomic studies on Ficus (Moraceae) in the West Indies, extra-Amazonian Brazil, and Bolivia Ilicifolia 5: 1-130.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Carvajal, L., Ariza, W., Caro, L., Valero, N. (2014). Especies forestales representativas del Sur Oriente de Boyacá. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Colombia
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Linares, E.L., Galeano, G., García, N. & Figueroa, Y. (2008). Fibras vegetales utilizadas en artesanías en Colombia. Artesanías de Colombia S.A. , Instituto de Ciencias Naturales-Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
    • Lopez-Camacho, R. (2008). Productos Forestales no maderables, Importancia e Impacto de su aprovechamiento. Colombia Forestal (11).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/