1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus laurifolia Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree to 40 ft. high, with large crown, often epiphytic at first
    Fruits
    Figs green with white spots, each pair covered when young by a brown calyptra
    Ecology
    In fringing forest in the savannah regions, and often planted.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(–25) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic (and strangling) or terrestrial, sometimes a shrub or lianescent.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 6–12 mm. thick, densely white to yellowish puberulous or pubescent to almost glabrous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous, ovate to elliptic, subovate or oblong, (5–)9–31 × (3.5–)6–20 cm., apex acuminate, base cordate to truncate, obtuse or subacute, margin entire; upper surface glabrous or sparsely puberulous in the lower part of the lamina, lower surface sparsely to densely white (or brownish) puberulous to hirtellous or glabrous; lateral veins 10–14 pairs, the basal pair ± faintly branched, reaching the margin far below the middle of the lamina; tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 3–10(–13) cm. long, 2–4 mm. thick; stipules 0.3–1 cm. long, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs solitary (or in pairs) in the leaf-axils, just below the leaves, or sometimes also on the older wood, initially enveloped by an ovoid calyptrate coriaceous bud-cover up to 2.5 cm. long; peduncle up to 0.5(–1) cm. long, (3–)4–6 mm. thick; basal bracts ± 3–4 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ovoid to ellipsoid, sometimes subglobose or obovoid, 3–5 × 2.5–4.5 cm. in diameter when fresh, 1–4 × 1–3 cm. when dry, puberulous to pubescent, greenish at maturity.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and wooded grassland, riverine, lakesides, often planted in villages; 750–2100 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 K6 T1 T4 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 extending to Senegal and Ethiopia, also to Mozambique, Malawi, N. Zambia and N. Angola
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(25) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic and strangling or terrestrial, sometimes a shrub or a liane.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 6–12 mm. thick, densely white- or yellowish-puberulous to pubescent, or almost glabrous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina ovate to elliptic, subovate or oblong (5)9–31 x (3.5)6–20 cm., coriaceous; apex acuminate; base cordate to truncate, obtuse or subacute; margin entire; superior surface glabrous, or sparsely puberulous in the lower pan of the lamina, inferior surface sparsely to densely white (or brownish) puberulous to hirtellous or glabrous; lateral veins 10–14 pairs, the basal pair ± faintly branched, ending at the margin below the middle of the lamina; tertiary venation partly scalarifonn; petiole 3–10(13) cm. long, 2–4 mm. thick; stipules 3–10 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs solitary (or in pairs) in the leaf axils, just below the leaves, or sometimes also on the older wood, initially enveloped by an ovoid calyptrate bud-cover up to 2.5 cm. long; peduncle up to 5 mm. long, 4–6 mm. thick; basal bracts 3–4 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ovoid to ellipsoid, sometimes subglobose or obovoid, 3–5 x 2.5–4.5 cm. in diam. when fresh, 1–4 x 1–3 cm. in diam. when dry, puberulous to pubescent, greenish at maturity; wall 3–5 mm. thick when fresh, 1.5–3 mm. thick when dry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Ficus laurifolia Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2004 Rønsted, N. [205], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000339879
    Jun 1, 2002 Lane, P. [513], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000026748
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4680], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000026749
    Mar 1, 1977 illegible [290], Uganda Ficus ovata K000243362 Unknown type material
    Sep 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14412], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000181710
    Richards, H.M. [13547], Zambia Ficus ovata 22942.000
    Dommen [32431], Nigeria Ficus ovata 11075.000
    Maitland, T.D. [697], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000181686
    Hamai, M. [MH 91003], Tanzania Ficus ovata 59151.000
    Liberia Ficus ovata K000243225
    illegible [122] Ficus ovata K000243275
    Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10663], Cameroon Ficus ovata K000181685

    First published in Encycl. 2: 495 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Berg, C.C. (2011). Ficus laurifolia (Moraceae) finally in position Blumea 56: 159-160.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.

    Not accepted by

    • Berg, C.C. & Villavicencio, X. (2004). Taxonomic studies on Ficus (Moraceae) in the West Indies, extra-Amazonian Brazil, and Bolivia Ilicifolia 5: 1-130. [Cited as Ficus maxima.]
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Ficus insipida.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0