1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus lingua Warb. ex De Wild. & T.Durand

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 30 m. tall, hemi-epiphytic, secondarily terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–4 mm. thick, whitish puberulous, periderm of older plants flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, tending to be distichous; lamina oblanceolate to subobovate or narrowly obtriangular, 0.5–5 x 0.3–2(3) cm., subcoriaceous; apex acute to truncate or emarginate; base cuneate to obtuse; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–8 pairs, tertiary venation reticulate or tending to run parallel to the lateral veins; petiole 2–8 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. thick; stipules 2–5 mm. long, puberulous or ciliolate only, caducous, sometimes subpersistent.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, on peduncles 2–5 mm. long, sometimes subsessile; basal bracts 1–2 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose, sometimes ellipsoid, c. 5 mm. in diam. when fresh, c. 3–4 mm. in diam. when dry, minutely puberulous, reddish or yellowish at maturity; wall of fruiting fig thin, smooth or slightly wrinkled when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 30 m. tall, hemi-epiphytic or (secondarily) terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–4 mm. thick, whitish or brownish puberulous, periderm of older parts peeling off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals, tending to distichous; lamina ± coriaceous, oblanceolate to subobovate or narrowly obtriangular, 0.5–5 × 0.3–2(–3) cm., apex obtuse to truncate, emarginate or subacute, base cuneate to obtuse, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–8 pairs; tertiary venation reticulate or tending to parallel the lateral veins; petiole 0.2–0.8 cm. long, 0.5–1 mm. thick; stipules 0.2–0.5 cm. long, puberulous or only ciliolate, caducous, sometimes subpersistent.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils or just below the leaves, on peduncles 2–5 mm. long or sometimes subsessile; basal bracts 1–2 mm. long, persistent or caducous.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose or sometimes ellipsoid, ± 5 mm. in diameter when fresh, 3–4 mm. when dry, minutely puberulous, reddish or yellowish at maturity; wall thin, smooth or slightly wrinkled when dry.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An epiphytic shrub or liane
    Ecology
    In forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Uganda, Zaïre

    Ficus lingua Warb. ex De Wild. & T.Durand appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [1004], Angola K000243389
    Congo K000243253 Unknown type material
    Mildbraed [4383], Cameroon K000243255
    Mildbraed [6247], Congo K000243254
    Lecomte [21], Congo K000243256

    First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 216 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 138.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 64, t. 14 C
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 166
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 180, t. 61 (1985).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 608 (1958).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 138 (1948).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 156 (1916).
    • Warb. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot, sér. 6, 1: 24 (1904).
    • De Wild. & Th. Dur. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 3, 2: 216 (1901).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0