1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus lutea Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 20 m. tall, hemi-epiphytic or secondarily terrestrial, with a spreading crown.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 5–12(–20) mm. thick, puberulous, white to yellow tomentose to subhirsute or glabrous, periderm flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous, elliptic to oblong or ± obovate, 7–25(–45) × 3–12(–20) cm., apex acuminate, base obtuse to acute or ± cordate, margin entire; upper surface glabrous or puberulous on the midrib, lower surface sparsely to, less often, densely puberulous to hirtellous to ± tomentose, on the main veins to subhirsute, only subhirsute on the main veins, or entirely glabrous; lateral veins (4–)6–10(–12) pairs; tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 1.5–13(–17) cm. long, 2–3(–8) mm. thick, epiderm flaking off when dry; stipules 0.5–2.5 cm. long, on flush up to 8 cm., puberulous or also white to yellow subsericeous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs up to 4 together in the leaf-axils or ± just below the leaves, sessile, initially in a white pubescent to subhirsute calyptrate bud up to 5 mm. long; basal bracts 3–6 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ± globose, ± 1–2.5(–? 3.5) cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.8–1.5(–2.5) cm. when dry, puberulous to white or yellow pubescent or subhirsute, smooth or warted, yellow to orange or brownish at maturity.
    Habitat
    Forest, persisting in cleared areas and planted around settlements, riverine and by lakes; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U4 Z extending to Ethiopia, Cape Verde Is., Angola, South Africa (Natal), Madagascar and the Seychelles
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 20(25) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic or secondarily terrestrial, with a spreading crown.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 5–12(20) mm. thick, puberulous, white to yellow tomentose, hirsute or subvillous, or glabrous, periderm flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina elliptic to oblong or subobovate, 7–25(45) x 3–12(20) cm., coriaceous; apex acuminate; base obtuse, cuneate or subcordate; margin entire; superior surface glabrous, puberulous on the midrib, inferior surface puberulous to hirtellous or glabrous, the main veins ± tomentose-hirsute below; lateral veins (4)6–10(12) pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform to reticulate; petiole 1.5–13(17) cm. long, 2–4(8) mm. thick, epidermis flaking off when dry; stipules 5–25 mm. long, up to 80 mm. long on new flush, puberulous or white- to yellow-subsericeous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs up to 4 together in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, sessile, initially enclosed in a white-pubescent to subhirsute calyptrate bud up to 0.5 cm. long; basal bracts 3–6(8) mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose, c. 10–25(35) mm. in diam. when fresh, 8–15(25) mm. in diam. when dry, puberulous to white- or yellow-pubescent to subhirsute, smooth or verruculose, yellow to orange or brownish at maturity.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree 20–60 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Nearly glabrous
    Bark
    Branchlets covered with scaly deciduous bark
    Ecology
    In forest vegetation by streams, and often planted.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, El Salvador, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago

    Ficus lutea Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13635], Cameroon K000580295
    Jul 1, 2002 Lane, P. [390], Cameroon K000026935
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9291], Cameroon K000026934
    Jul 1, 2002 Kenfack, D. [245], Cameroon K000026933
    Jun 1, 2002 Cable, S. [930], Cameroon K000026745
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1910], Cameroon K000026746
    Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4541], Cameroon K000936055
    Apr 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8708], Cameroon K000936053
    Jan 1, 1992 Cheek, M. [3512], Cameroon K000011106
    Sep 30, 1983 Stolz, A. [1531] K000243339
    Nov 14, 1980 Hall, J. B., Ghana K000232546
    Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14221], Cameroon K000181641
    Jul 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [13944], Cameroon K000181639
    Maitland, T.D. [637], Cameroon K000181643
    Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [13330], Madagascar K000243446
    Etuge, M. [165], Cameroon K000026932
    Vogel [6], Liberia K000243200 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [2521], Madagascar K000243445
    Baron, R. [1683], Madagascar K000243447 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [1682], Madagascar K000243448 Unknown type material
    Kersting [a.539], Togo K000243202
    Goetze, W. [1492] K000243340 Unknown type material
    Welw. [6399], Angola K000243381 isotype
    Humblot, L. [156], Madagascar K000243442 Unknown type material
    Palmas [47], Liberia K000243201 Unknown type material
    Sim, J, R. [6125], Mozambique K000243379
    Sim, J, R. [6125], Mozambique K000243380
    Horne [343], Seychelles K000243443
    Wright, P. [102], Seychelles K000243444
    Rosevear, D. R. [12652], Cameroon K000181644
    Eyles, F. [8883], Zimbabwe Ficus nekbudu 11077.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [3624], Zaïre Ficus subcalcarata K000243242 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth, G. [3624], Zaïre Ficus subcalcarata K000243243 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4577], Malaysia Ficus lanigera K001039363
    Jeffrey, C. [1186], Seychelles Ficus nautarum 22919.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [912], Seychelles Ficus nautarum 7335.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4251], Sierra Leone Ficus vogelii 16929.000
    McWhirter, J. [34], Madagascar Ficus baronii 31893.000
    Mozambique Ficus quibeba 23745.000
    Verdcourt, B. [723], Kenya Ficus quibeba 11725.000
    Wild, H. [3030], Zimbabwe Ficus quibeba 13141.000
    Richards, H.M. [13280], Zambia Ficus quibeba 23398.000
    Richards, H.M. [31498], Zambia Ficus quibeba 32788.000

    First published in Enum. Pl. 2: 185 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 206, t. 73 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 445, fig. 149.3 (1982).
    • C.C. Berg in Kew Bulletin 36: 597 (1981).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 215 (1917).
    • Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 185 (1805).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0