1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus natalensis Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast to Sudan and S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 30 m. tall or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic or (? secondarily) terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely and minutely puberulous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals to almost distichous and often subopposite; lamina ± coriaceous, oblong to elliptic or ± obovate, 2.5–10 × 1–4.5 cm., apex acuminate to obtuse, rounded or emarginate, base acute to obtuse, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 6–13 pairs, midrib usually not reaching the apex of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate to parallel to the lateral veins; petiole 0.5–2(–3) cm. long, 1–2(–2.5) mm. thick, glabrous; stipules 0.2–1 cm. long, glabrous or sometimes minutely and sparsely puberulous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils or sometimes also just below the leaves, initially enclosed by a small or sometimes up to 1.5 cm. long almost glabrous calyptrate bud-cover; peduncle 0.2–1 cm. long; basal bracts 2–2.5 mm. long, caducous.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle often shortly stipitate at least when dry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, ± 1.5–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.8–1.5(–1.9) cm. when dry, glabrous, reddish, orange or yellowish (to brown) at maturity; wall rather thin, usually wrinkled when dry, apex plane or slightly protruding.
    Habitat
    Forest (both wet and dry types), groundwater and riverine forest, higher rainfall woodland, often planted for bark-cloth; 10–2200 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U2 extending to Senegal, S. Sudan, Angola, N. Zambia and to South Africa
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or tree up to 40 ft. high, sometimes epiphytic at first
    Fruits
    Figs becoming reddish.
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 30 m. tall, or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic or secondarily terrestrial, sometimes semi-scandent.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, or ± distichous, often subopposite; lamina oblong to elliptic or obovate to broadly obtriangular, occasionally lanceolate, 2.5–10 x 1–4.5 cm., subcoriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute to rounded or emarginate; base acute to obtuse; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 6–13 pairs, midrib usually not reaching the apex of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate or ± parallel to the lateral veins; petiole 5–20(30) mm. long, 1–2(2.5) mm. thick, glabrous; stipules 2–10 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils or sometimes also just below the leaves, initially enclosed by a calyptrate bud cover, up to 1.5 cm. long, subovoid and ± glabrous; peduncle 2–10 mm. long; basal bracts 1.5–2.5 mm. long, caducous sometimes subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle often shortly stipitate, at least when dry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, c. 1.5–2 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.8–1.5 cm. in diam. when dry, glabrous, reddish-orange or yellowish (to brown) at maturity; wall (rather thin) usually wrinkled when dry, apex plane or slightly protruding.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus natalensis Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1999 Cable, S. [3041], Cameroon K000936056
    Jan 1, 1993 Tekwe, C. [22], Cameroon K000011735
    Wild, H. [40753], Zimbabwe 2702.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1309], Tanzania 11078.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3151], Tanzania 15956.000
    Polhill, R. [1111], Tanzania 23354.000
    White, F. [3062], Zambia 13138.000
    White, F. [1831], Zambia 13139.000
    White, F. [3065], Zambia 15959.000
    Struhsaker, T.T. [22], Cameroon 31324.000
    Welwitsch [6357], Angola K000243392 Unknown type material
    Sim, T. R. [5729], Mozambique K000243391
    Thompson, S.A. [1607], Cameroon K000181716
    Timberlake, J. [5177], Mozambique K000613557
    Rosevear, D. R. [6637], Cameroon K000181712

    First published in Flora 28: 88 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 347.
    • M. F. Barrett in Am. Midl. Nat. 39: 204
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 208
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 184, t. 63 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 446, fig. 147.2 (1982).
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 102 (1981).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 34 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 319 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 610 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 253 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 361 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 263 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 104 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 538 (1925).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 208 (1917)
    • Hochst. in Flora 28: 88 (1845).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0