1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus ottoniifolia (Miq.) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Uganda.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m. tall, or sometimes a shrub or liana, often terrestrial or sometimes hemi-epiphytic.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5(10) mm. thick, minutely puberulous or glabrous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves arranged in spirals; lamina elliptic to oblong or subovate to subobovate, 6.5–15(22) x 3–7(9) cm., subcoriaceous; apex acuminate to subcaudate; base cuneate to rounded or subcordate; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins (4)6–12(14) pairs, tertiary venation reticulate; petiole (0.8)1.5–7 cm. long, 1.5–2 mm. thick; stipules 2–8 mm. long, up to c. 4 cm. long on new flush, sparsely puberulous or glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs up to 4(10) together on spurs up to 1.5(4) cm. long on the older wood; bud scales of the spurs ± glabrous; peduncle 8–25 mm. long; basal bracts 2–3 mm. long, caducous or persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ellipsoid to subglobose, 1.5–4 cm. in diam. when fresh, and 0.8–2.5 cm. in diam. when dry, puberulous or almost glabrous, greenish to pale orange or brownish at maturity, with pale green to whitish spots; wall c. 1 mm. thick when dry, not or hardly wrinkled.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or tree to 50 ft. high, usually epiphytic at first
    Branches
    Smooth pale branchlets
    Fruits
    Figs rather long-stalked in pairs or clusters on older branches below the leaves.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m. tall or sometimes a shrub or liana, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5(–10) mm. thick, minutely puberulous or glabrous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous or sometimes chartaceous, elliptic to oblong, ovate or obovate, 6.5–15(–22) × 3–7(–9) cm., apex acuminate to subcaudate, base acute to rounded or subcordate, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–12(–14) pairs, tertiary venation reticulate; petiole 1.5–9 cm. long (0.5–)1.5–2 mm. thick; stipules 0.2–0.8 cm. long, up to 4 cm. on flush, sparsely puberulous or glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs up to 4(–10) together on spurs up to 1.5(–4) cm. long on the older wood; peduncle 0.8–2.5 cm. long, 1–1.5 mm. thick; basal bracts 2–3 mm. long, free parts caducous or subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ellipsoid to globose, 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.8–2 cm. when dry, puberulous or almost glabrous, greenish to pale orange or brownish at maturity, with pale green to whitish spots; wall ± 1 mm. thick when dry, not or hardly wrinkled.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Ficus ottoniifolia (Miq.) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [872], Cameroon K000936058
    May 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [872], Cameroon K000936057
    Deighton, F.C. [5867], Sierra Leone 15958.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [1342], Nigeria 16913.000

    First published in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 288 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 133.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 78, t. 22 D
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 134
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 217, t. 77 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 466 fig. 147.3 (1982).
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 99 (1981).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 611 (1958).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 134 (1948).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 134 (1916).
    • Miq. in Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 288 (1867).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0