1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus polita Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, to about 50 ft. high, with rather slender almost glabrous branchlets and dense shining foliage
    Note
    Commonly planted as a shade tree.
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 15(40) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic or secondarily terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or minutely yellowish puberulous, peridenn not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina ovate to ± elliptic or oblong, (2)5–16(24) x (1.5)3.5–10(15) cm., subcoriaceous, at least the midrib beneath (and petiole) often drying blackish; apex acuminate; base cordate to truncate or rounded, sometimes to subacute; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins (3)4–12 pairs, teniary venation partly scalariform to reticulate; petiole 2–12 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–2 cm. long, glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs 1 -4 together on spurs up to 3 cm. long on the older wood; bud scales of the spurs glabrous or nearly so; peduncle 8–20 mm. long; basal bracts 3–4 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to obovoid often shortly stipitate, at least when dry, 2–4 cm. in diam. when fresh, 1.5–4 cm. in diam. when dry, whitish puberulous to greenish-purplish at maturity; wall 2–3 mm. thick and wrinkled when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 15(–40) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic or (secondarily) terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or minutely yellowish puberulous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous or subcoriaceous, at least the midrib beneath (and the petiole) often drying blackish, ovate to oblong or almost elliptic, 5–16(–24) × 3.5–10(–15) cm., apex acuminate, base cordate to truncate or rounded, sometimes subacute, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–12 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform to reticulate; petiole 2–12 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–2 cm. long, glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs 1–4 together on spurs up to 3 cm. long on the older wood; bud-scales of the spurs glabrous; peduncle 0.8–2 cm. long; basal bracts 3–5 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to obovoid, often shortly stipitate at least when dry, 2–4 cm. in diameter when fresh, 1.5–4 cm. when dry, whitish puberulous, greenish to purplish at maturity, wall 2–3 mm. thick and wrinkled when dry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Burkina, Chad

    Ficus polita Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9299], Cameroon K000026747
    Jan 1, 1992 Cheek, M. [3572], Cameroon K000011093
    Jan 1, 1966 Chapman, J.D. [254], Malawi K000243409 isotype
    Mozambique 29103.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [25887], Nigeria 15969.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [568], Nigeria 15962.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [568], Nigeria 15963.000
    Reynolds, V. [2], Uganda 6681.000
    unknown [3305], Madagascar K000243465 syntype
    unknown [2536], Madagascar K000243466 syntype
    unknown [3323], Madagascar K000243467
    Schweinfurth, G. [2826], Sudan K000243333
    Schweinfurth, G. [3134], Sudan K000243334 syntype
    Sim, T. R. [5549], Mozambique K000243408
    Sim, T. R. [5549], Mozambique K000243407
    Preuss P. R. [409], Cameroon K000181687 Unknown type material
    McWhinter, J.H. [192], Madagascar Ficus podophylla 32106.000

    First published in Enum. Pl. 2: 182 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • FL. For. Soud.-Guin. 344, t. 69, 4–5
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 135.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 78, t. 22 C
    • Chev. Bot. 599
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 124
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 227, t. 81 (1985).
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 100 (1981).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 611 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 269 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 257 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 356 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 135, t. 14 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 99 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 124 (1916).
    • Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 182 (1805).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0