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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium solitarium Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Brazil (to Mato Grosso do Sul).


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Epiphytic or epilithic in mainly primary forest habitats.
    Known from the states of Espirito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
    General Description
    Epiphytic or epilithic; stem 1.5-4 cm diam.; roots descending, velutinous, appearing inflated or with air spaces inside when dried, sharply tapered at apex, 2-9 cm long, 3-10 mm diam.; cataphylls lanceolate, 6- 1 1 cm long, acuminate at apex with subapical apiculum to 5 mm long, drying brown, persisting semi-intact at apex and eventually weathering into coarse, linear fibers. LEAVES erect-spreading; petioles (2)6-28(32) cm long, 5-9 mm diam., spreading, C-shaped to thicker than broad, narrowly and deeply sulcate with obtuse to acute margins adaxially, rounded abaxially, the surface dark green, pale-speckled; geniculum slightly thicker and paler than petiole, 1-1.5 cm long; sheath 2.5-4 cm long; blades subcoriaceous to coriaceous, obovate to oblanceolate, often somewhat elliptic, short-acuminate to acute and apiculate at apex, obtuse to semi-rounded or weakly subcordate at base, 26-70(80) cm long, (6)l0- 23(27) cm wide, broadest at or near the middle, the margins weakly and broadly undulate; upper surface semiglossy, medium green, lower surface weakly glossy, paler below; both surfaces drying matte to semiglossy, yellowish brown; midrib flat to obtusely raised or obtusely sulcate at base, becoming convexly raised, sometimes sharply acute toward the apex above, obtusely to acutely raised, sometimes faintly 1-3-ribbed at base below; primary lateral veins 5-12 per side, departing midrib at (25)40-60(70)º angle, ± straight, becoming arcuate near margin, raised in grooves or weakly to prominently raised on upper surface, prominently raised and stout below, paler than surface; interprimary veins weakly raised above and below when visible, darker below; tertiary veins prominulous, weakly raised to weakly sunken above, moderately visible or obscure above, very weakly raised below; collective vein arising from near the apex or absent, if present sunken above, raised below, 10-20 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect or erect-spreading, or somewhat pendent peduncle (15)30-102 cm long, 3-5 mm diam., 1.3- 16 x as long as petiole, green sometimes tinged with purple, terete, pale- to dark-speckled; spathe spreading, coriaceous, green tinged with purple adaxially, oblong to lanceolate, 6-25 cm long, 1.5- 2 cm wide, broadest near the base, acuminate at apex (the acumen inrolled, 5- 10 mm long), obtuse to acute at base, often decurrent; spadix dark maroon or purple, mostly subsessile (rarely stipitate to 30 mm), tapered, curved, 12-33 cm long, 4- 14 mm diam. at base, 3-7 mm diam. at apex, broadest at the base; flowers rhombic, 1.8-3.6 mm long, 1.2-2.6 mm wide, the sides ± straight to sigmoid; 6-10 flowers visible in principal spiral, (6)lO-12 in alternate spiral; tepals matte; lateral tepals 1-1.6 mm wide, the inner margins broadly convex, the outer margins 2-sided; pistils not emergent; stigma linear becoming ellipsoid, possibly becoming circular, sometimes appearing somewhat caviform when dried, 0.4-0.7 mm long; stamens emerging in a regular sequence; the laterals preceding the alternates by 13-20 spirals, held at edge of the tepals, inclined over and obscuring the pistil; filaments not exserted; anthers 0.4-0.5 mm long, 0.8-0.9 mm wide; thecae ovoid, 0.3-0.4 mm wide, slightly divaricate; pollen golden. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe persisting; spadix 19-40 cm long, 11-18 mm diam.; berries purple-red, more or less oblong, the basal tepalar fibers strongly adherent, 5-6 mm long, 2-3 mm diam.; pericarp with raphide cells; mesocarp ± dry; seeds 1-2 per berry, covered with raphides, ellipsoid, 4-4.4 mm long, 1.8-2 mm diam., 0.8-1 mm thick, with a gelatinous appendage.



    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central


    Other Data

    Anthurium solitarium Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [20316], Bahia K000302787
    Aug 1, 1978 Brazil K000434145
    Jul 1, 1978 Glaziou, A.F.M. [188], Brazil K000434142 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1978 Glaziou, A.F.M. [188], Brazil K000434143 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1978 Glaziou, A.F.M. [188], Brazil K000434144 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1978 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001239716
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302786
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302785
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302784
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302783
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302782
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302781
    Mayo, S. [830], Bahia K000302780
    Mayo, S. [871], Bahia K000302778
    Mayo, S. [871], Bahia K000302779
    Plummer, J. [169], Brazil K001239724
    Plummer, J. [170], Brazil K001239725
    Plummer, J. [194], Brazil K001239727
    Lima, H.C. [541], Brazil K001239730
    Ribeiro, R. [582], Brazil K001239729
    Engler, A. [295], Brazil K001239731
    Croat, T.B. [61894], Brazil K001239726
    Bull [s.n.], Brazil K001239718
    Mayo, S.J. [1], Brazil K001239733
    Mayo, S.J. [1], Brazil K001239734
    Mayo, S.J. [1], Brazil K001239735
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001239717
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17333], Brazil K001239719
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17333], Brazil K001239720
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001239721
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001239732


    First published in Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 478 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.
    • Almeida, V.R., Temponi, L.G. & Forzza, R.C. (2005). Araceae da Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 56: 127-144.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.