1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus sansibarica Warb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 20(40) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic and strangling or secondarily terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm of older parts often flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina oblong to lanceolate, elliptic or ovate, 4.5–13(24) x 2–6(11.5) cm., ± coriaceous, at least the midrib beneath (and the petiole) usually drying red-brown; apex acuminate to subacute or obtuse; base rounded to subcordate or cuneate; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–10(14) pairs; tertiary venation predominantly reticulate; petiole (0.8)2–5.5(8) cm. long, 1–2(3) mm. thick; stipules 1–15 mm. long, up to 4.5 cm. long on new flush, sparsely to densely puberulous or only ciliolate, caducous or subpersistent on new flush.
    Fruits
    Figs 2–4 together on short, branched and finally ± cushion-shaped spurs up to c. 2(5) cm. long, or on straight, peg-like or sometimes curved spurs up to 15 cm. long, on the main or lesser branches; bud scales of the spurs densely puberulous; peduncle 12–25(50) mm. long, 2–3 mm. thick; basal bracts 3–5 mm. long, free parts caducous or sometimes subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose, often stipitate when dry, 2–6(10) cm. in diam. when fresh, 1.5–3(6) cm. in diam. when dry, puberulous, greenish or partly purplish at maturity; wall 5–10 mm. thick when fresh, 2–4 mm. thick and ± wrinkled when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 20(–40) m. tall, hemi-epiphytic (and strangling) or (secondarily) terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm often flaking off older parts at least when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous or subcoriaceous, at least the midrib beneath (and the petiole) usually drying reddish brown, oblong to lanceolate, elliptic or ovate, 4.5–13(–24) × 2–6(–11.5) cm., apex acuminate to subacute or obtuse to occasionally rounded, base rounded to cordate or subacute, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–10(–14) pairs; tertiary venation predominantly reticulate; petiole (0.8–)2–5.5(–8) cm. long, 1–2(–3) mm. thick; stipules 0.1–1.5 cm. long, up to 4.5 cm. on flush, sparsely to densely puberulous or only ciliolate, caducous or on the flush subpersistent.
    Infructescences
    Figs 2–4 together on short (up to 2(–5) cm. long) branched and finally ± cushion-shaped or on up to 15 cm. long straight, or peg-like or sometimes curved spurs on the main or also the lesser branches; bud-scales on the spurs densely puberulous; peduncle 1.2–2.5(–5) cm. long, 2–3 mm. thick; basal bracts 3–5 mm. long, free parts caducous, sometimes subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle when dry often stipitate, subglobose, 2–6(–10) cm. in diameter when fresh, 1.5–3(–6) cm. when dry, puberulous, greenish or partly purplish at maturity; wall 5–10 mm. thick when fresh, 2–4(–5) mm. and ± wrinkled when dry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Ficus sansibarica Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 illegible [256], Uganda K000243359 Unknown type material
    Verdcourt, B. [1739], Tanzania 22744.000
    Verdcourt, B. [1739], Tanzania 22924.000
    Sim, T. R. [5171], Mozambique K000243412 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 171 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 356 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 264 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 99 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 130 (1916).
    • Warb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 171 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0