1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus stuhlmannii Warb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(15) m. tall, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic and strangling.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs (2)4–8 mm. thick, ± densely white puberulous to hirtellous, pale yellow hirsute on the nodes, periderm of older parts ± flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina oblong to elliptic or ± ovate to subobovate, sometimes subcircular, 2.5–18 x 1–8 cm., subcoriaceous; apex rounded to subacute, sometimes shortly and obtusely acuminate; base cordate to rounded; margin subentire; superior surface puberulous to hirtellous, inferior surface densely hirtellous to subtomentose on the veins; lateral veins (3)4–7 pairs, the basal pair of veins not or faintly branched, usually ending at the margin well below the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate and prominent; petiole 0.5–4 cm. long, (1)2–3 mm. thick, epidermis not flaking off; stipules 0.5–1.5 cm. long, white to pale yellow subsericeous to subhirsute or puberulous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils, sometimes also just below the leaves, subsessile; basal bracts c. 3 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, 15–22 mm. in diam. when fresh, (7)10–18 mm. in diam. when dry, densely white pubescent to sparsely puberulous, pinkish or purplish at maturity.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(–15) m. tall, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic (and strangling).
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs (2–)4–8 mm. thick, rather densely white puberulous to hirtellous, on the nodes to pale yellow hirsute, periderm of older parts ± flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina ± coriaceous, oblong or elliptic to ovate or ± obovate, sometimes to subcircular, 2.5–18 × 1–9 cm., apex rounded to subacute or sometimes very shortly and blundy acuminate, base cordate to rounded, margin ± entire; upper surface puberulous to hirtellous, lower surface densely hirtellous to subtomentose on the veins; lateral veins (3–)4–7 pairs, the basal pair not or faintly branched, usually reaching the margin rather far below the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate and prominent; petiole 0.5–4(–5.5) cm. long, (1–)2–3 mm. thick, epiderm not flaking off; stipules 0.5–1.5 cm. long, white to pale yellow subsericeous, subhirsute or puberulous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils, sometimes also just below the leaves, sessile or almost so; basal bracts ± 3 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, 1.5–2.2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.7–1.8 cm. when dry, densely white pubescent to sparsely puberulous, pinkish or purplish at maturity.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and bushland, often along lakesides, watercourses, on rock or coral outcrops, hardpans; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus stuhlmannii Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1913 Sim, T.R. [6262], Mozambique K000243385 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11213], Tanzania 15964.000
    Richards, H.M. [15818], Tanzania 29488.000
    Richards, H.M. [16025], Tanzania 32856.000
    Polhill, R. [1140], Tanzania 23743.000
    Angus, A. [1], Zambia 15968.000
    Richards, H. [13305], Malawi 23394.000
    Richards, H. [13562], Zambia 23418.000
    Homble [341], Zaire K000243244
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614736

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 161 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 33 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 320 (1961).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 258 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 359 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 107 (1932).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 162, t. 11F, G (1895).
    • Warb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 161 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0