1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus sur Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 25(30) m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, white to yellowish (or brownish) puberulous, hirtellous, tomentose or hirsute to glabrescent, periderm usually not flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina elliptic to ± ovate or oblong, sometimes subcircular or lanceolate, 4–20(32) x 3–13(16) cm., chartaceous to coriaceous, apex acuminate to acute, base subacute to cordate, margin coarsely crenate-dentate to repand or ± entire; superior surface smooth, sometimes scabrous, glabrous or puberulous on the proximal parts on the main veins, the inferior surface puberulous to tomentose, or glabrous and only the main veins pubescent; lateral veins (3)5–9 pairs; petiole 1.5–9 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick, puberulous, ± hirsute or subtomentose sometimes glabrous, epidermis usually not flaking off when dry; stipules 1–3.5 cm. long, white to yellowish subsericeous, pubescent or hirsute to glabrescent, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs on branching, leafless branchlets up to 50(150) cm. long, on the older wood, down to the trunk, or figs occasionally in the leaf axils or just below the leaves; peduncle 5–20 mm. long, 1–3 mm. thick; basal bracts 2–3 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle obovoid to subglobose, often ± depressed-globose, often stipitate, at least when dry, 2–4 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.5–2.5 cm. in diam. when dry, indumentum white to yellowish, ± puberulous to almost glabrous or densely tomentose to subvelutinous, red to dark orange at maturity.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 25(–30) m. tall, sometimes with buttresses.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs white to yellowish (or brownish) puberulous to hirtellous or tomentose, partly hirsute or almost glabrous, periderm mostly not flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Lamina chartaceous to coriaceous, elliptic to ovate, subovate or oblong, sometimes suborbicular or lanceolate, 4–20(–32) × 3–13(–16) cm., apex acuminate to acute, base subacute to cordate, margin coarsely crenate-dentate to repand or ± entire; upper surface smooth, sometimes scabrous, glabrous or puberulous on the proximal parts of the main veins, lower surface on the whole surface or only on the main veins puberulous to tomentose or glabrous; lateral veins (3–)5–9 pairs; petiole 1.5–9 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick, puberulous, hirtellous, hirsute, subtomentose or glabrous, periderm usually not flaking off when dry; stipules 1–3.5 cm. long, white to yellow subsericeous, pubescent, hirsute or almost glabrous, caducous or occasionally subpersistent.
    Infructescences
    Figs on branched leafless branchlets up to 50(–150) cm. long on the older wood, down to the trunk, or occasionally in the leaf-axils; peduncle 0.5–2 cm. long, 1–3 mm. thick; basal bracts 2–3 mm. long; Receptacle obovoid to subglobose, often ± depressed-globose, often stipitate at least when dry, 2–4 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–3 cm. when dry, sparsely white to yellowish puberulous to almost glabrous or densely tomentose to subvelutinous, red to dark orange at maturity.
    Figures
    Fig. 18.
    Habitat
    Forest, riverine, wooded grassland, often left in cleared places; 0–2300 m.
    Distribution
    extending to Yemen, Cape Verde Is., Angola and South Africa K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Usually a small tree
    Fruits
    The figs borne in sometimes abundant clusters on the trunk
    Branches
    Branchlets glabrous or softly pubescent
    Buds
    Pointed more or less villous buds
    Note
    A variable species within which several infraspecific taxa can probably be recognized
    Ecology
    Common, especially in the more open country.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree up to 30 ft. high or more with the habit of an alder
    Exudate
    Viscid, not milky, sap
    Indumentum
    Shortly tomentose young branchlets.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus sur Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Pollard, B.J. [1391], Cameroon K000580338
    Nov 1, 2008 Corcoran, M.R. [11], Cameroon K000580294
    Jun 1, 2006 Nana felicite [26], Cameroon K000339905
    Feb 1, 2004 Onana, J.-M. [1923], Cameroon K000746162
    Feb 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1031], Cameroon K000746159
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7102], Cameroon K000026701
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [8333], Cameroon K000026702
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9389], Cameroon K000026710
    Jun 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2815], Cameroon K000026706
    Jun 1, 2002 Kenfack, D. [242], Cameroon K000026708
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4678], Cameroon K000026703
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1900], Cameroon K000026709
    Jun 1, 2002 Groves, M. [45], Cameroon K000026705
    Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4559], Cameroon K000936059
    Apr 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3541], Cameroon K000936060
    Sep 1, 1983 Ujor, E.U. [30433], Cameroon K000181666
    Sep 1, 1976 Schimper [1585], Ethiopia K000243283 isolectotype
    Sep 1, 1976 Schimper [1585], Ethiopia K000243284
    Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [15011], Cameroon K000181656
    Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14222], Cameroon K000181657
    Ash [244], Ethiopia 6049.388
    Dalziel, J.M. [8183], Cameroon K000181662
    Struhsaker, T.T. [13], Cameroon K000181668
    Maitland, T.D. [890], Cameroon K000181663
    Maitland, T.D. [889], Cameroon K000181664
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n116], Cameroon K000181667
    Ash [126], Ethiopia 900.004
    Seret [314], Zaire K000243228
    Seret [314], Zaire K000243229
    de Beer, J.S. [81515], Botswana K000489678
    de Beer, J.S. [81513], Botswana K000489679
    Timberlake, J. [4958], Mozambique K000545308
    Rosevear, D. R. [6137], Cameroon K000181665
    Mozambique Ficus capensis 25073.000
    Mozambique Ficus capensis 25075.000
    Tanzania Ficus capensis 36447.000
    Ficus capensis 45506.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2887], Zambia Ficus capensis 13123.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9313], Tanzania Ficus capensis 15935.000
    Verdcourt, B. [2943], Kenya Ficus capensis 22937.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4219], Sierra Leone Ficus capensis 16803.000
    Faulkner, H. [1455], Tanzania Ficus capensis 15939.000
    Meikle, R.D. [1372], Nigeria Ficus capensis 13122.000
    Richards, H.M. [13135], Zambia Ficus capensis 22754.000
    Richards, H.M. [13283], Zambia Ficus capensis 23764.000
    Richards, H.M. [21502], Zambia Ficus capensis 29203.000
    Richards, H.M. [21,585], Zambia Ficus capensis 29220.000
    Richards, H.M. [21585], Zambia Ficus capensis 37446.000
    Polhill, R. [1827], Tanzania Ficus capensis 22929.000
    Polhill, R. [1845], Tanzania Ficus capensis 23350.000
    Polhill, R. [1046], Tanzania Ficus capensis 25990.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1644], Sudan Ficus capensis 2689.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1690], Sudan Ficus capensis 2690.000
    Hoyle, A.C. [403], Sudan Ficus capensis 11084.000
    Harley, R.M. [9261], Tanzania Ficus capensis 22750.000
    Harley, R.M. [9313], Tanzania Ficus capensis 22947.000
    White, F. [2184], Zambia Ficus capensis 13121.000
    White, F. [2265], Zambia Ficus capensis 15936.000
    Struhsaker, T.T. [13], Cameroon Ficus capensis 31496.000
    Faulkner, H. [1471], Tanzania Ficus capensis 15937.000
    Sangster, R.G. [506], Uganda Ficus capensis 15938.000
    Miller, A.K. [394], Uganda Ficus capensis 22935.000
    Reynolds, V. [3 (17)], Uganda Ficus capensis 3810.000
    Harwood, A. [59], Tanzania Ficus capensis 29128.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [517], Tanzania Ficus capensis 33536.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [517], Tanzania Ficus capensis 36417.000
    Vogel [678], Cape Verde Ficus capensis K000243185 Unknown type material
    Kenya Ficus mallotocarpa 25771.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7760], Zambia Ficus mallotocarpa 11074.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7767], Zambia Ficus mallotocarpa 13136.000
    Wild, H. [1236], Zimbabwe Ficus mallotocarpa 11076.000
    Wild, H. [3092], Zimbabwe Ficus mallotocarpa 15953.000
    Newbould, J. [2522], Tanzania Ficus mallotocarpa 15952.000

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 180 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 135, t. 44 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 448, fig. 148.6 (1982).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 66, fig. 17 (1979).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 100 (1916).
    • Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: cxxiv, 180 (1775).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0