1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus tremula Warb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic and strangling or secondarily terrestrial, sometimes a liana.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–3(5) mm. thick, sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina oblong to elliptic or subobovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–8 x 0.7–3 cm., subcoriaceous to chartaceous; apex subacute to somewhat acuminate; base obtuse to rounded or emarginate; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous, or the midrib puberulous beneath; lateral veins 6–9 pairs; tertiary venation reticulate; petiole 0.7–3(4) cm. long, c. 0.5(1) mm. thick; stipules 2–10 mm. long, up to 3 cm. long on new flush, glabrous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs 1–6 together on curved spurs up to 2 cm. long on the older wood; bud scales of the spurs glabrous or nearly so; peduncle 5–20 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. thick; basal bracts c. 3 mm. long, free pans caducous or sometimes subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose to ellipsoid, 2–2.5 cm. in diam. when fresh, 1–1.5 cm. in diam. when dry, sparsely or densely minutely puberulous to almost glabrous, ?green at maturity, not or hardly wrinkled and slightly stipitate when dry, wall 0.5–1 mm. thick when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic (and strangling) or (? secondarily) terrestrial, sometimes a liana.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–3(–5) mm. thick, sparsely minutely puberulous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina subcoriaceous to chartaceous, oblong to subobovate, elliptic or ± ovate, 2.5–8(–11) × 0.7–4(–5) cm., apex subacute to rather faintly acuminate, base rounded to cordulate, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous or the midrib puberulous beneath; lateral veins 5–9 pairs, tertiary venation reticulate; petiole 0.7–3(–4.5) cm. long, ± 0.5(–1) mm. thick; stipules 0.2–1 cm. long, up to 3 cm. on flush, glabrous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs 1–6 together on ± curved spurs up to 3 cm. long on the older wood; peduncle 0.5–2 cm. long, 0.5–7 mm. thick; basal bracts ± 3 mm. long, free parts caducous, occasionally subpersistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose to ellipsoid, 2–2.5(?–3) cm. in diameter when fresh, 1–1.5(–2) cm. when dry, sparsely to sometimes densely minutely puberulous to almost glabrous, ? green at maturity, when dry not or hardly wrinkled and slightly stipitate; wall thin.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Ficus tremula Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8315], Tanzania 13143.000
    Verdcourt, B. [3949], Kenya 31006.000
    Greenway, P.J. [9800], Kenya 23401.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 171 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 357 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 265 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 101 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 137 (1916).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 162, fig. 10F–K (1895).
    • Warb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 171 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0