1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus trichopoda Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(20) m. tall, or a shrub, terrestrial, often with stout suit- or pillar-roots.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–7 mm. in diam., glabrous or white puberulous to hirtellous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina ± broadly ovate to elliptic, 6–20(28) x 4–12(32) cm., coriaceous; apex shortly acuminate to obtuse; base obtuse to cordate; margin entire; superior surface glabrous, puberulous to hirtellous on the main veins, inferior surface white hirtellous to tomentellous at least on the midrib, sometimes glabrous; lateral veins 7–11 pairs, the basal pair branched, ending at the margin below or sometimes at the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 2–4(7) cm. long, (1)2–3 mm. thick, epidermis not flaking off; stipules 1.5–4.5(8) cm. long, white puberulous to hirtellous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs up to 4 together in the leaf axils; peduncle 5–10 mm. long; basal bracts c. 2 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose, 10–20 mm. in diam. when fresh, 5–15 mm. in diam. when dry, glabrous or ± densely puberulous, smooth or verruculate, red to yellow at maturity.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(–20) m. tall or a shrub, terrestrial, often with stilt or pillar roots.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–7 mm. in diameter, glabrous or white puberulous to hirtellous, periderm not flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous, ± broadly ovate to elliptic, 6–20(–28) × 4–12(–21) cm., apex shortly acuminate to obtuse, base obtuse to cordate, margin entire; upper surface glabrous or puberulous to hirtellous on the main veins, lower surface white hirtellous to tomentellous, at least on the midrib, or sometimes glabrous; lateral veins 7–11 pairs, the basal pairs branched, reaching the margin below or sometimes at the middle of the lamina, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 2–4(–7) cm. long, (1–)2–3 mm. thick, epiderm not flaking off; stipules 1.5–4.5(–8) cm. long, white puberulous to hirtellous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs up to 4 together in the leaf-axils; peduncle 0.5–1 cm. long; basal bracts ± 2 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ± globose, 1–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1.5 cm. when dry, glabrous to ± densely puberulous, smooth or warted, red or yellow at maturity.
    Habitat
    Ground-water forest, swamp edges, riverine, wet valleys; 50–1200 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U4 extending to Senegal and South Africa
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, 20–80 ft. high, with widely spreading, low, more or less horizontal branches supported by stilt roots
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous
    Ecology
    Locally abundant in fringing forest in the savannah regions, especially in swampy ground.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius

    Ficus trichopoda Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1477], Cameroon K000026743
    Nov 1, 1979 Brunt, M.A. [248], Cameroon K000181714
    Baron, R. [1663], Madagascar K000243449 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [1655], Madagascar K000243450 Unknown type material
    illegible [234], Uganda K000243342
    Sim, T. R. [5515], Mozambique K000243406 Unknown type material
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8072], Zimbabwe Ficus congensis 2691.000
    Greenway, P.J. [10180], Tanzania Ficus congensis 25119.000
    Deighton, F.C. [5425], Sierra Leone Ficus congensis 15943.000
    Richards, H.M. [13192], Zambia Ficus congensis 22945.000
    Richards, H.M. [15113], Zambia Ficus congensis 23729.000
    White, F. [3090], Zambia Ficus congensis 15942.000
    Reynolds, V. [8], Uganda Ficus congensis 6684.000
    Raynal, J. [20977], Mali Ficus congensis K000385928
    Dalziel, J. M. [350], Nigeria Ficus congensis K000243211
    Paroisse, M.G. [17], Mali Ficus congensis K000385927

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 261 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Guého, J. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1985). Flore des Mascareignes 161-169: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Guého, J. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1985). Flore des Mascareignes 161-169: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 158, t. 52 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 449, fig. 150.3 (1982).
    • Bak. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 20: 261 (1883).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0