1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus vallis-choudae Delile

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 15(–20) m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–10 mm. thick, glabrous, sparsely white appressed puberulous or sometimes white hirtellous to tomentose, with periderm flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Lamina coriaceous to subcoriaceous, ovate to cordiform or ± deltoid, 4–24(–44) × 3–24(–30) cm., apex acute to subobtuse or very shortly acuminate, base obtuse to truncate or cordate, margin coarsely and obtusely dentate to repand, sometimes subentire; upper surface smooth and glabrous or puberulous on the main veins, sometimes scabridulous and hirtellous to hispidulous, lower surface glabrous or puberulous, sometimes hirtellous to pubescent; lateral veins 5–8 pairs; petiole 2–11(– 13.5) cm. long, 1–3 mm. thick, glabrous, white appressed puberulous or sometimes white hirtellous to tomentose; periderm flaking off when dry; stipules 1–3 cm. long, in the lower part ciliolate, appressed puberulous or subsericeous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs solitary in the leaf- axils or just below the leaves; peduncle 0.2–1.2 cm. long, 4–6 mm. thick; basal bracts ± 0.2 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose to obovoid, 3–6(–10) cm. in diameter when fresh, 1–5 cm. when dry, ± densely white to yellowish puberulous to hirtellous or tomentose, only tomentellous near the ostiole or glabrous, yellowish to orange at maturity with longitudinal orange to reddish stripes.
    Habitat
    Riverine, lakesides, ground-water forest; 450–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 extending to Guinée and Mali, Ethiopia, N. Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(20) m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–10 mm. thick, glabrous or sparsely appressed puberulous, sometimes hirtellous or tomentose, indumentum white, periderm flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina ovate to cordiform or ± deltate, 4–24(36) x 3–24(30) cm., coriaceous to subcoriaceous, apex acute to subobtuse or very shortly acuminate, base obtuse to truncate or cordate, margin coarsely and obtusely dentate to repand, sometimes subentire; superior surface smooth and glabrous or puberulous on the main veins, sometimes scabridulous and hirtellous to pubescent; lateral veins 5–8 pairs; petiole 2–11(13.5) cm. long, 1–3 mm. thick, glabrous, appressed puberulous or sometimes hirtellous to tomentose, indumentum white, epidermis flaking off when dry; stipules 1–3 cm. long, ciliolate in the lower part, appressed puberulous or subsericeous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs solitary in the leaf axils or just below the leaves, occasionally on leafless branchlets up to 30 cm. long on the older wood; peduncle 2–12 mm. long, 4–6 mm. thick; basal bracts c. 2 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose to obovoid, c. 20 mm. in diam. when fresh, 15 mm. in diam. when dry, ± densely white to yellowish puberulous to hirtellous or tomentose, tomentellous near the ostiole, or glabrous; yellowish to orange at maturity with longitudinal orange to reddish stripes.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, to 60 ft. high
    Bole
    Short bole
    Crown
    Spreading crown
    Indumentum
    Branchlets and leaves nearly glabrous
    Fruits
    Figs large, solitary
    Ecology
    Mostly by streams in the savannah regions.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus vallis-choudae Delile appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9002], Cameroon K000026916
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4481], Cameroon K000026915
    Sep 1, 1976 Ethiopia K000243285
    Verdcourt, B. [1530], Kenya 22748.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2988], Tanzania 16927.000
    Ash [1506], Ethiopia 35832.000
    Ash [740], Ethiopia 37368.000
    Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 18699], Nigeria 29100.000
    Bullock, A.A. [1165], Zambia 15973.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4249], Sierra Leone 16922.000
    Richards, H.M. [13923], Tanzania 22933.000
    Polhill, R. [979], Kenya 22930.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1561], Sudan 13146.000
    Hepper, F.N. [5297], Tanzania 35965.000
    Newbould, J. [2611], Tanzania 13145.000
    Newbould, J. [2181], Tanzania 15967.000
    Newbould, J. [2492], Tanzania 15974.000
    Newbould, J. [2521], Tanzania 16919.000
    Newbould, J. [4381], Tanzania 22757.000
    Richards, H. [13684], Zambia 23414.000
    Sangster, R.G. [501], Uganda 16924.000
    Hepper, N. [1526], Cameroon 22753.000
    Miller, A.K. [372], Uganda 22936.000
    Schweinfurth [547], Ethiopia K000243286
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614713

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 94 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guln. 344, t. 69, 1–3.
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 119
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 103
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 142, t. 47 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 450, fig. 148.7 (1982).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 84, fig. 20 (1979).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 30 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 323, fig. 61 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 606 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 265 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 261, fig. 57d (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 355 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 119 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 97 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 103 (1916).
    • Del. in Ann. Sci. Nat, sér. 2, 20: 94 (1843).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0