1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus velutina Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to S. Tropical America. It is has environmental uses, as animal food and a medicine and for firewood and food.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 350 - 3100 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Tree.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 350 - 3100 m.; Andes, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Árbol
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Animal Food
    Eaten by wild animals (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Environmental
    Live plant (in situ) - Protection of water resources (Carvajal et al. 2014). Live plant (in situ) - Used in silvopastoral systems (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Boundary Barrier Support Plants
    Live plant (in situ) - Use for farm fences (Romero Castañeda 1961). Live plant (in situ) - Used as a barrier (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Erosion Control
    Live plant (in situ) - Soil conservation and erosion control (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Food
    Food (Romero Castañeda 1961). Infructescences - The syconium is eaten, dehydrated or in conserve (Romero Castañeda 1961).
    Fuelwood
    Used as fuelwood (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Wood
    Used for planks (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Pain
    Bark - Used in liquid medicines for the treatment of abdominal pain (Carvajal et al. 2014). Bark - Used in liquid medicines for the treatment of muscle pain (Carvajal et al. 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Caucho, copey de tierra fría, herrerum, higuerón, higuerón raspador, lechero, , oticón, pobo, tobo.

    Ficus velutina Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1959 Wright, C. [1443], Cuba K000442903
    Pringle, C.G. [3883], Jalisco Ficus microchlamys K000442844 holotype

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 1141 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Ibarra-Manríques, G. & al. (2012). El género Ficus L. (Moraceae) en México Botanical Sciences 90: 389-452.
    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Carvajal, L., Ariza, W., Caro, L., Valero, N. (2014). Especies forestales representativas del Sur Oriente de Boyacá. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Colombia
    • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ibarra-Manríques, G. & al. (2012). El género Ficus L. (Moraceae) en México Botanical Sciences 90: 389-452.
    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/