1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus verruculosa Warb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Shrub or treelet up to 7 m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, glabrous or densely white hirtellous to subtomentellous.
    Leaves
    Lamina coriaceous, oblong to lanceolate, 3.5–10(–20) × 1.5–3.5(–8.5) cm., apex subacute to obtuse, base obtuse or rounded to subcordate, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins (8–)10–16 pairs, the basal pair unbranched, curved and running almost parallel to the margin, the others divided rather near the margin; only the midrib prominent beneath, the other veins often plane and inconspicuous; petiole 0.5–2(–3) cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–3.5(–4) cm. long, glabrous to densely white puberulous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs mostly in pairs in the leaf-axils or just below the leaves; peduncle 0.3–0.5(–1) cm. long, 1–1.5 mm. thick; basal bracts ± 1 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose or sometimes ellipsoid, 0.5–2 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1 (–1.2) cm. when dry, glabrous or minutely puberulous, maturing dark purple or dark red; wall often wrinkled when dry.
    Habitat
    Streams, lakes, swamps, bogs, commonly in water, occasionally recorded from grassland or wooded grassland; 800–1850 m.
    Distribution
    extending to Niger, Angola and South Africa K3 T4 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub or weak-stemmed, sparsely branched small tree, mostly to 2.5 m. tall, sometimes up to 5 m., occasionally up to 12 m. tall.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 1–5 mm. thick, glabrous or densely white hirtellous to subtomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina oblong to lanceolate, 3.5–10(20) x 1.5–3.5(8.5) cm., coriaceous; apex subacute to obtuse; base obtuse or rounded to subcordate; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins (8)10–16 pairs, the basal pair unbranched, running almost parallel to the margin, the other veins furcate near the margin, midrib prominent beneath, the other veins plane and inconspicuous; petiole 5–20(30) mm. long, 1–2 mm. thick, (lamina length: petiole length = (5)8–10: 1); stipules 0.5–3.5(4) cm. long, glabrous or densely white puberulous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs, sometimes 4 together, in the leaf axils or just below the leaves; peduncle 2–5(10) mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. thick; basal bracts c. 1 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle subglobose to ellipsoid, 0.5–2 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.5–1(1.2) cm. in diam. when dry, glabrous or minutely puberulous, dark purple or dark red at maturity; wall often wrinkled when dry.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A low shrub of marshy ground or a tree 15–25 ft. high
    Leaves
    More or less glaucous leaves
    Fruits
    Small red figs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Water fig

    Ficus verruculosa Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8550], Tanzania 11737.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7946], Tanzania 2713.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7946a], Tanzania 2715.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7833], Zambia 2712.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7737], Zambia 2714.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4669], Uganda 15975.000
    Bullock, A.A. [1100], Zambia 11738.000
    Bullock, A.A. [3974], Zambia 15976.000
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [4130], Botswana K000315232
    Chevalier, A. [6866] K000243235
    Chevalier, A. [7721], Burundi K000243236
    Erens, J. [250], Botswana K000315234
    Biegel, H.M. [3845], Botswana K000315230
    Biegel, H.M. [3826], Botswana K000315231
    Barker [35], Botswana K000315229
    Welw. [6375], Angola K000243378 Unknown type material
    Sim, J, R. [5414], Mozambique K000243377
    Winter, B. de [4750], Namibia K000315228
    Rensburg, C.J.J. van [4096], Botswana K000315233
    Brunt, M.A. [119], Cameroon K000181981

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 166 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Chantarasuwan, B., Berg, C.C. & van Welzen, P.C. (2013). A revision of Ficus subsection Urostrigma (Moraceae) Systematic Botany 38: 653-686.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 335.
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 120
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 114
    • Engl. Pflanzenw. Afr. 3, 1: 41, fig. 22 D
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Chantarasuwan, B., Berg, C.C. & van Welzen, P.C. (2013). A revision of Ficus subsection Urostrigma (Moraceae) Systematic Botany 38: 653-686.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 154, t. 51 (1985).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 450, fig. 148.4 (1982).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 32, t. 6E (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 323 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 607 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 262 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 356 (1949).
    • Lebrun & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 120 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 99 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 114 (1916).
    • Warb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 166 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/