1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Valerianella Mill.
      1. Valerianella microcarpa Loisel.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madeira, Medit. to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Valerianaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Annual slender nearly glabrous herb 5–25(–40) cm. tall; stems herbaceous, erect or ascending to almost spreading, dichotomously and divaricately branched, sometimes subsimple, weakly angled, slightly pubescent below, 1–3 mm. thick; tap-root 2.5–9 cm. or more long; secondary roots usually slender.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, (0.5–)1.1–6.5 cm. long, 0.2–1.1 cm. wide, glabrous on the surfaces, but sometimes ciliate at the base and on the margins; lower ones entire, spathulate; upper ones dentate at the base, oblong, obtuse or subacute; uppermost bract-like and linear.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a compound dichasium, glabrous; terminal internodes grooved and almost winged; floral bracts lanceolate, 2.0–2.5 mm. long, 0.7–1.4 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers perfect, sessile, pale pink to white.
    Calyx
    Calyx-limb obscure, oblique, scarcely veined, entire (corolla, stamens, and style adhering to the achene-apex for some time).
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, barely saccate or attenuated at the base, glabrous throughout; lobes 5, apparently regular but sometimes with 2 lobes smaller than the other 3, 1.0–1.8 mm. long, generally pinkish above and whitish below.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3, included or slightly exserted.
    Style
    Style at first club-shaped and included, later very shortly 3-lobed at the tip and slightly exserted.
    Fruits
    Achenes ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, 0.5–1.0 mm. wide, hispid to pubescent, or glabrous (especially on the abaxial face), brown; fertile locule longer than sterile ones, the latter not contiguous and appearing as linear ribs on the abaxial face of the achene.
    Figures
    Fig. 3, p. 8.
    Habitat
    Upland moor (in Ethiopia also in upland rain-forest, bamboo thickets, grassland and persisting on cultivated ground); 2800–3200 m. (perhaps as low as 1000 m. in Ethiopia)
    Distribution
    K3 K4 North Africa and Europe (Mediterranean region)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Corse, East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe

    Valerianella microcarpa Loisel. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1390], Ethiopia K000252332
    Schimper [1390], Ethiopia K000252333
    Schimper [1170], Ethiopia K000252334
    Schimper [983], Ethiopia K000252335

    First published in Not. Fl. France: 151 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Valerianaceae: 1-9.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Négre, Pet. Fl. Reg. Arid. Maroc Occid. 2: 240, t. 113/670 (1962).
    • Jahandiez & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 723 (1934).
    • Coste, Fl. Descr. Illustr. Fr. 2: 268 (1903).
    • Rouy & Camus, Fl. Fr. 8: 97 (1901).
    • Batt. & Tr., Fl. Alg.: 408, t. 1/21 (1889).
    • De Nancy, Précis Trav. Soc. Roy. Sc. Lett. Arts: 70, t. 1/6 (1833).
    • Lois., Not. Pl. Fr.: 151 (1810).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0