1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Callicarpa L.
      1. Callicarpa arborea Roxb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Tropical Asia.

    [KBu]

    Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

    Habit
    Shrub or tree to 6 m
    Stem
    Stems with a dense indumentum of plumose hairs, obscuring the surface, becoming woodier and more glabrous as they mature an interpetiolar ridge present
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate blades ovate to narrowly ovate, elliptic or obovate, 12 – 25 × 5 – 14 cm, margins ± entire, rarely shallowly dentate, apex acuminate, base shortly attenuate, upper surface with a mealy indumentum of ± stellate hairs when young, soon becoming glabrous except for along the sunken midrib and secondary nerve pairs, also with yellow sessile glands, lower surface appearing pale, the surface occasionally scarcely visible or ± obscured by a dense indumentum of interwoven branched hairs, the hairs more densely branched along the midrib, which is thick and conspicuously raised, also with occasional peltate scales either side of the midrib petioles 2.5 – 6.5 cm, indumentum as stems
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, large, up to 12 cm across, terminal parts congested, peduncles 3 – 7 cm long, indumentum as stem bracts very narrowly ovate, 3 – 6 mm long, glabrous above, as stems below pedicels c. 1 mm long, indumentum as stems bracteoles very narrowly ovate, 1 – 3 mm long, indumentum as bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, c. 1 mm long with 4 slight lobes marked by thickened ridges, outer surface with branched hairs, these either so dense the surface obscured, or only scattered, the surface clearly visible
    Corolla
    Corolla purple, 3 – 4 mm long, divided into 4 rounded lobes 1 – 1.5 mm long, usually reflexed, the edges fringed with papillae, outer surface glabrous, rarely with scattered branched hairs, glandular, inner surface ± glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, filaments 4 – 6 mm long, exserted 2 – 3 mm, arising c. 0.5 mm from the base of the corolla tube, anthers elliptic, 1 – 1.5 mm long with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, dehiscing through longitudinal slits
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
    Ovary
    Ovary with branched hairs when immature
    Fruits
    Fruit purple when mature, 2.5 – 3 mm wide (on dry specimen), glabrous, with yellow sessile glands, subtended by calyx 4 1-seeded locules breaking up into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
    Distribution
    Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. Map 1.
    Conservation
    Least concern (LC) in the Philippines and across its distribution.
    Ecology
    In open lowland or hill forests or disturbed areas 0 – 1800 m.
    Vernacular
    Atimla (Tagalog), Magilig (Tagalog) (for Callicarpa magna in Merrill 1923).
    Note
    Close to Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) L., a species described from Sri Lanka, the range of which extends to India. Confusion between these two species exists because Lam & Bakhuizen (1921) used the name C. tomentosa to refer to what is actually C. arborea. However, C. arborea can be distinguished by its peduncles, which are generally longer than the petioles (in C. tomentosa peduncles are shorter than petioles) and by its indumentum which, although variable, tends to be shorter and less woolly than that of C. tomentosa. The calyx indumentum also varies: specimens from mainland Asia and Sumatra tend to have calyces with dense hair covering the outer surface, but those originally described as C. magna from the Philippines tend to have more or less glabrous calyces. They agree in all other characters.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Callicarpa arborea Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2018 Takeuchi, W. et al. [22995], Papua New Guinea K000939522
    Apr 28, 2016 Daly, D.C. et al. [13580], Papua New Guinea K000939002
    Jun 26, 2015 Takeuchi, W. [8763], Papua New Guinea K000938619
    Oct 22, 2006 Kloss, C. B. [6851], Thailand K000674779
    Jan 1, 2001 Barker [131], Papua New Guinea K000172030
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1826], Nepal K001114317
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1826], India K001114322
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1826], Myanmar K001114323
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1826], Myanmar K001114327
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000674711
    Hooker, J. D. [s.n.], Nepal K000674710
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1826] K001114319
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 1826], Bangladesh K001114318
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1826] K001114320
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1826] K001114321
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1826] K001114324
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1826], India K001114325
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1826], Nepal K001114326
    Cuming, H. [1266], Philippines Callicarpa magna K000194987 Unknown type material
    Cuming, H. [1266], Philippines Callicarpa magna K000249070

    First published in Fl. Ind. 1: 405 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
    • Leeratiwong, C., Chantaranothai, P. & Paton, A.J. (2009). A synopsis of the genus Callicarpa L. (Lamiaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 36-58.
    • Leeratiwong, C. Chantaranothai, P. & Paton, A. (2007). Notes on the genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 35: 73-79.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

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    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0