1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Callicarpa L.
      1. Callicarpa erioclona Schauer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Vietnam to Papuasia.

    [KBu]

    Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 9 m, diam. to 3 cm
    Stem
    Stems with dense pale indumentum of plumose hairs, the hairs sometimes becoming darker near the tips, the surface obscured, slight interpetiolar ridge resembling a stipule scar present
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate blades elliptic to ± oblanceolate, 9.5 – 27 × 3.5 – 10.5 cm, margins dentate, sometimes irregularly so, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base shortly attenuate, upper surface ± glabrous, almost shiny when dry, lower surface with a pale indumentum of matted plumose hairs, the hairs on the venation standing more erect, some becoming darker near the tips petioles 15 – 25 mm, indumentum as stems
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, peduncles 10 – 20 mm long, indumentum as stems bracts linear, 1 – 2 mm long pedicels 1 – 2 mm long, indumentum as stems bracteoles linear, 1 – 2 mm long, inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, c. 1 mm long with 4 shallow triangular lobes marked, outer surface with dense indumentum as stems and inflorescence axes, the surface obscured, inner surface glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla white, 1.5 – 2.5 mm long, divided into 4 lobes 0.5 – 1 mm long, outer surface glabrous with the occasional branched hair, the edges of the lobes with tiny papillae, inner surface ± glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, exserted for 1 – 3 mm, filaments 3 – 4 mm long, arising 0.25 – 0.5 mm from the base of the corolla tube, anthers elliptic, 0.5 mm long with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, dehiscing through longitudinal slits
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
    Fruits
    Fruit green when immature, c. 2 mm wide when mature (on dry specimen), outer surface with branched hairs, glandular, subtended by calyx 4 1-seeded locules, maturing into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
    Distribution
    Vietnam, Java, Borneo (Sabah only rare), Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea. Map 3.
    Conservation
    LC in the Philippines and throughout its distribution.
    Ecology
    Primary and secondary forests 100 – 500 m.
    Note
    In the Philippines, Callicarpa erioclona is most likely to be confused with C. plumosa, which is rare in comparison, has entire leaf margins and a larger corolla. Outside the Philippines it is confused with C. candicans, but it can be distinguished from that species due to its ovary and fruit, which have scattered branched hairs in C. candicans the ovary and fruit are glabrous. In addition, C. erioclona has a stem and lower leaf indumentum of plumose hairs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Jawa, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam

    Callicarpa erioclona Schauer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 de Kok, R.P.J. et al. [1275], Papua New Guinea K000509590
    Cuming [911], Philippines K000194942 Unknown type material
    Cuming, H. [911], Philippines K000248982

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 643 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
    • Bramley, G.L. (2009). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) on Borneo Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 416-455.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0