1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Callicarpa L.
      1. Callicarpa longifolia Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Queensland.

    [KBu]

    Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

    Type
    Type: Malacca, Sonnerat s.n. (holotype P-LA, microfiche).
    Habit
    Shrub to 6 m, occasionally scrambling over other vegetation, diam. 1 – 3 cm
    Stem
    Stems with a mealy indumentum of branched hairs, also with yellow sessile glands, usually becoming woodier and ± glabrous as they mature, a conspicuous interpetiolar ridge resembling a stipule scar present
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, occasionally pairs subequal, petiolate blades elliptic to narrowly ovate, 7 – 20 × 3 – 6 cm, margins serrate, apex acuminate, base acute to shortly attenuate, upper surface with scattered branched hairs and yellow sessile glands, lower surface with an indumentum of stellate or short branched hairs close to the surface, especially dense on the midrib and venation, all of which is raised, also with numerous yellow sessile glands petioles 10 – 25 mm, indumentum as stems
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, peduncles 5 – 10 mm long, indumentum as stem bracts linear, 0.5 – 2 mm long pedicels c. 0.5 mm long, indumentum as stems bracteoles linear, less than 1 mm long, inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx narrow funnel shape, c. 1 mm long with 4 shallow lobes marked with thickened tips, outer surface with stellate or short branched hairs, also with yellow sessile glands and occasional peltate scales, inner surface ± glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla pale pink to lilac, c. 2 – 2.5 mm long, divided into 4 lobes 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, outer surface with appressed branched hairs, the edges of the lobes with papillae, also with yellow sessile glands, inner surface ± glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 4 exserted for 2 – 3 mm, arising 0.25 – 0.5 mm from the base of the corolla tube, anthers 0.5 – 1 mm long with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, with a pore like opening at the apex then splitting longitudinally towards the base as anther matures
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
    Fruits
    Fruit green, maturing white, 2 – 3 mm wide when mature (on dry specimen), outer surface glandular, subtended by reduced calyx most of which has broken away 4 1-seeded locules breaking up into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
    Distribution
    India, Indo-China, Malesia and northern Australia. Only reaching as far north as Catanduanes in the Philippines. Map 4.
    Conservation
    Least concern (LC) across its distribution.
    Ecology
    Secondary forest and disturbed areas such as roadsides or open patches in primary forest  0 – 1200 m.
    Note
    Callicarpa nigrescens is newly treated as a synonym here. When Merrill (1926) described C. nigrescens, he suggested it was allied to C. candicans because of its characteristically black or dark colour on drying. However C. nigrescens does not share with C. candicans the pale indumentum which causes the upper surface of its leaves to appear discolorous: in C. nigrescens both leaf surfaces dry a dark colour. Merrill (1926) noted that using Bakhuizen’s arrangement of the species, C. nigrescens would fall near C. longifolia, but he rejects this relationship. C. longifolia is common in Sabah, and is the only other species of Callicarpa recorded from Tawi Tawi Island. C. nigrescens differs from it by the dark colour of its leaves on drying, and a lack of visible venation on the lower leaf surface, and an inflorescence that is not as laxly branched. Given the lack of distinguishing features, I am recognising it as conspecific with C. longifolia here. Callicarpa longifolia is a widespread species variable across its distribution, especially in its indumentum. It is especially common in Sundaland and New Guinea, but comparatively rare in the Philippines.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., East Himalaya, Hainan, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Callicarpa longifolia Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Damas, D. [SAJ1168], Papua New Guinea K000939459
    Jul 1, 2015 Takeuchi, W. et al. [21814], Papua New Guinea K000938636
    Jul 1, 2015 Takeuchi, W. et al. [21835], Papua New Guinea K000938637
    Nov 8, 2007 Takeuchi, W. et al. [21835], Papua New Guinea K000939046
    Nov 1, 2004 Johns, R.J. [9851], Papua New Guinea K000172022
    Jan 1, 2004 de Kok, R.P.J. [1029], Malaysia K000223104
    Jan 1, 1999 Griffith, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000194832
    Jan 1, 1999 Griffith, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000194833
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Malaysia K001092309
    Elmer, A.D.E. [13536], Philippines K000194936 Unknown type material
    Syahida Emiza, S. [FRI 66766] K000938701
    s.coll [10951095], Jawa K000194754 Unknown type material
    Griffith, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000194831 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1835], Malaysia Callicarpa attenuata K001114358
    Jack, W. [Cat. no. 1835], Indonesia Callicarpa attenuata K001114359
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1835] Callicarpa attenuata K001114360
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1835] Callicarpa attenuata K001114361
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1835] Callicarpa attenuata K001114362
    Ramos, M. [44297], Philippines Callicarpa nigrescens K000194990 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1829], Myanmar Callicarpa lanceolaria K001114331
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1829], Myanmar Callicarpa lanceolaria K001114332
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1829] Callicarpa lanceolaria K001114330
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1829] Callicarpa lanceolaria K001114333

    First published in Encycl. 1: 563 (1785)

    Accepted by

    • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
    • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
    • Bramley, G.L. (2009). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) on Borneo Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 416-455.
    • Leeratiwong, C., Chantaranothai, P. & Paton, A.J. (2009). A synopsis of the genus Callicarpa L. (Lamiaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 36-58.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0