1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Callicarpa L.
      1. Callicarpa pedunculata R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to E. Australia.

    [KBu]

    Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

    Type
    Type: Australia, Coast of Northern Queensland, 1802 – 5, R. Brown s.n. [J. J. Bennett 2331] (lectotype BM, selected by Munir (1982: 30) isolectotypes E, K, MEL n.v., NSW n.v.).
    Habit
    Shrub to 5 m
    Stem
    Stems with an indumentum of dense plumose hairs, the surface ± obscured when young, the indumentum thinning as stems mature, a slight interpetiolar ridge resembling a stipule scar present
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate blades elliptic to narrowly elliptic to narrowly ovate, (2.5) 4.5 – 13.5 × (1.4) 2 – 6.5 cm, margins serrate to serrate-dentate, the teeth often with mucronate tips, apex shortly acuminate to acuminate to almost caudate, base shortly attenuate, cuneate, obtuse, less often rounded or truncate, sometimes slightly uneven, upper surface with erect stellate and branched hairs, evenly spaced, lower surface with an indumentum of dense stellate, branched and plumose hairs, either so interwoven and matted the lamina almost obscured, or less interwoven and the lamina visible, yellow sessile glands visible on the surface, sometimes with peltate scales scattered near the leaf base petioles (3) 5 – 12 mm, indumentum as stems
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, or inserted 1 – 2 mm above axil, peduncles 8 – 21 mm long, indumentum as stem bracts linear, 1 – 3 mm long, inconspicuous pedicels 1 – 2 mm long, indumentum as stems bracteoles as bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, 0.5 – 1 mm long with 4 shallow to narrowly triangular lobes marked with thickened tips, outer surface with stellate and branched hairs, rarely so thick the surface obscured, also with yellow sessile glands, inner surface ± glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla purple, 2 – 3 mm long, divided into 4 lobes c. 0.5 mm long, the edges of the lobes with tiny papillae, outer surface glabrous, rarely with a few stellate hairs on the lobes, also with yellow sessile glands, inner surface ± glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 4 exserted for 1.5 – 3 mm, filaments 4 – 5 mm long, arising near the base of the corolla tube, anthers elliptic, 0.3 – 0.75 mm long with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, dehiscing through longitudinal slits
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
    Fruits
    Fruit green, maturing purple or reddish-purple, c. 2 mm wide when mature (on dry specimen), outer surface glandular, subtended by calyx 4 1-seeded locules breaking up into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
    Distribution
    Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Taiwan, Okinawa island, Moluccas, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia. Map 5.
    Ecology
    Secondary and primary forest forest edges and grasslands.
    Conservation
    LC across its distribution.
    Note
    Callicarpa pedunculata is one of few species in the genus with an extensive distribution in the Flora Malesiana region, although it is not present in Sumatra, Java and Borneo, unlike the two mostly widely distributed species, C. pentandra and C. longifolia. As found in the latter two species, there is significant variation in leaf shape within C. pedunculata, as well as a large number of synonyms. Callicarpa pedunculata is most likely to be confused with C. caudata or C. rubella, from which it differs by its generally wider leaves and lack of glandular hairs it also bears a resemblance to C. longifolia, but its inflorescence is more compact, its petioles shorter relative to its peduncles, and its fruits mature purple-pink, not white. C. blancoi is newly treated as a synonym here, but does represent a form with leaves smaller than is typical (e.g. L. Escritor Bur. Sci. 21155 leaves 2.5 × 1.5 cm, peduncles 5 mm). C. obtusifolia is tentatively placed into synonymy here: although its indumentum is thicker than is typical, including plumose hairs, and its leaf apex is barely acuminate, it shares all other characters with C. pedunculata. Munir (1982) lists Callicarpa cuspidata as a synonym of C. pedunculata, citing an un-numbered Heyne collection as its type, although he did not see the specimen and is unsure of its location. Given this uncertainty, I cannot be sure to what this name applies, so am listing C. cuspidata under doubtful names here (see also under C. caudata).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New South Wales, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    New Zealand North

    Callicarpa pedunculata R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wilford, C. [493], Taiwan K000674737 Unknown type material
    Ramos, M. [32921], Philippines K000194989 Unknown type material
    Mueller, F. [57], Australia K000674836
    Brown, R. [2331], Australia K000674837
    Moore, C. [57], New South Wales K000674835
    Swinhoe, R. [s.n.], Taiwan K000674734 Unknown type material
    Oldham, R. [388], Taiwan K000674735
    Oldham, R. [389], Taiwan K000674738 Unknown type material
    Walters, T. [82], Taiwan K000674733 Unknown type material
    Walters, T. [23], Taiwan K000674736 Unknown type material
    Takeuchi, W. et al. [19554], Papua New Guinea K000938269
    Cuming [1095], Philippines Callicarpa cuspidata K000194938 Unknown type material
    Fenix, E. [15802], Philippines Callicarpa cuspidata K000194939 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6319] Callicarpa dentata K001123562
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6319] Callicarpa dentata K001123563
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6319] Callicarpa dentata K001123564

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 513 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
    • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

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    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0