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This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to China (Yunnan) and W. & Central Malesia.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 2.5–3 m. tall; branches obtusely angled or terete; densely tomentose at the apex, velvety or pilose beneath; internodes rather long; accessory buds present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, ovate to broadly obovate, 10–17.5 cm. long, 4–13 cm. wide, acute at the apex, rounded to slightly cordate at the base, coarsely and irregularly crenate or toothed, velvety or adpressed pubescent above, hispid beneath; venation plane above but very prominent beneath; petiole 4–7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles lax, elongate, to ± 17 cm., leafy at base with elongate internodes, the leaves decreasing upwards with uppermost bract-like; axillary cymes opposite, the lower 9–12 cm. long, the upper 0.5–3 cm. long; peduncles 2–5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.3 cm. long, densely villous; tube cupulate-campanulate, 3 mm. long and in diameter; limb widely spreading, ± 1 cm. long, divided for ± 2/3 the length into 5 ovate-triangular acute-ciliate teeth 6 mm. wide at the base, nerved, sparsely pubescent and with very characteristic discoid-cupular glands (sessile glands fide Thomas).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla villous; tube 1–1.5 cm. long, 3 mm. wide, not dilated at the throat; limb almost 2-lipped; lobes unequal, the smallest 7 mm. long, the largest 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–4.5 cm. long, long-exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style 5 cm. long. Ovary black, 4-lobed, 2 mm. tall.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mature fruit globose.
Habitat
Rain-forest, cultivated and possibly formerly naturalized; 900 m.
Distribution
Sumatra to Lesser Sunda Is. (Banka, Billiton & Lepar) T3

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Tanzania

Clerodendrum villosum Blume appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 4, 2017 Awang Entjah [S80990] K000734925
Aug 19, 2016 Mohizah, Jegong et al. [66868], Sarawak K000939143
Jul 23, 2015 Julius [FRI56052], Malaysia K000734891
Jan 1, 2012 Staples, G. [FRI 70049], Malaya K000939093
Jan 1, 2012 Staples, G. [FRI 70049], Malaya K000735426
Mar 23, 2011 Hj.Othman Ismawi et al [S.58980], Sarawak K000735031
Jan 1, 2011 Walsingham, L. et al [S 100402], Sarawak K000249952
Nov 23, 2010 Stone [280], Philippines K000804665
Dec 1, 1997 Laman, T.G. [528], Indonesia K000825012
Oct 9, 1990 Banyeng [57397], Malaysia K000825010
Oct 9, 1990 Banyeng [57398], Malaysia K000785998
Jan 2, 1987 Lee, B. [44581], Malaysia K000825005
Jan 2, 1987 Ilias [51538], Malaysia K000825003
Mar 20, 1985 Chai, P. [45219], Malaysia K000825006
Feb 20, 1981 Paie, I. [42714], Malaysia K000825009
Mar 11, 1977 Othman [36961], Malaysia K000825008
Dec 28, 1974 James [35095], Malaysia K000825001
Feb 1, 1969 Anderson, J.A.R. [26893], Malaysia K000785999
Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7808], Indonesia K000786000
Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7104], Indonesia K000825014
Jan 1, 1916 Soegandiredja [296], Indonesia K000825027
Jan 1, 1911 Ploem, C. [s.n.], Indonesia K000825028
Vogel, E.F. de [1234], Indonesia K000825015
Main [1778], Indonesia K000825018
Spanoghe, J.B. [s.n.], Indonesia K000825022
Koorders, S.H. [27611], Indonesia K000825026
Went, F.A.F.C. [s.n.], Indonesia K000825029
Bangham, W.N. [605], Indonesia K000825016
Horsfield, T. [919], Indonesia K000825025
Seemann, B.C. [2352] K000825020
Paie, I. [13350], Malaysia K000825007
Haviland, G.D. [s.n.], Malaysia K000825013
Zollinger, H. [122], Indonesia K000825019
Buwalda, P. [2755], Indonesia K000825031
Borssum Waalkes, J. van [671], Indonesia K000825033
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000825021
Christensen, H. [1358], Malaysia K000825024
Purseglove, J.W. [4645], Malaysia K000825002
Purseglove, J.W. [4426], Malaysia K000825004
Lörzing, J.A. [11342], Indonesia K000825032
Anta [486], Indonesia K000825011
Zollinger, H. [122], Indonesia K000825023
Nadi [448], Indonesia K000825030
Lim, C.L. [56696], Malaysia K000853723
Clemens, J. [20601], Malaysia K000825017
Jan 1, 1931 Karta [192], Indonesia Clerodendrum confusum K000785542
Rantai Jawa [67306], Malaysia Clerodendrum confusum K000785547
Slooten, D.F. van [560], Indonesia Clerodendrum confusum K000785544
Chai, P. [68852], Malaysia Clerodendrum confusum K000785546
Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. [6311], Indonesia Clerodendrum confusum K000785545
Backer, C.A. [22055], Indonesia Clerodendrum confusum K000785541
Lai, S.T. [68643], Malaysia Clerodendrum confusum K000785548
Kostermans, A. [587], Indonesia Clerodendrum confusum K000785543
Elmer, A.D.E. [12860], Philippines Clerodendrum curranii K000803843

First published in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 811 (1826)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wearn, J.A. & Mabberley, D.J. (2011). Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae) in Borneo Systematic Botany 36: 1050-1061.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Blume, Bijdr.: 811 (1826).
  • Lam, Verben. Malay Arch.: 289 (1919).
  • Moldenke in Fifth Summ. Verbenac. 1: 361 (1971)
  • Moldenke in Rev. Fl. Ceylon: 475, 476 (adnot. in text) (1983).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/