1. Family: Verbenaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Stachytarpheta Vahl
      1. Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean to N. Brazil.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Habit
    Herb or slender subshrub 0.5–2 m high, with ± erect branched glabrous or very sparsely pubescent stems from a long taproot, woody at the base
    Leaves
    Leaves 4–12.5 × 2–7 cm, broadly elliptic to ovate, distinctly acute at the apex and regularly and sharply serrate on the margins with spreading teeth, glabrous
    Inflorescences
    Spikes slender, elongate, many-flowered; bracts lanceolate; corollas dark purple-blue, mauve or royal-blue with a light or white throat.
    Note
    It is much used as a hedge plant in Nairobi, Kenya.
    Distribution
    District code: MOZ M. Mozambique
    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Herb or slender subshrub 0.5–2 m. tall, with ± erect branched glabrous or very sparsely pubescent stems from a long taproot, woody at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly elliptic to ovate, 4–12.5 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, distinctly acute at the apex, cuneate and attenuate into 0.5–2 cm. long petiole, glabrous, regularly sharply serrate with spreading teeth, the sharply acute apices central.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes slender, elongate, many-flowered, 14–45 cm. long, ± 2.5 mm. diameter; bracts lanceolate, 7 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, ± glabrous, long-acuminate.
    Calyx
    Calyx cylindrical, 7 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, 5-ribbed and shortly 5-toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla dark purple-blue, mauve or royal blue with light or white throat; tube 7–8 mm. long; limb ± 1 cm. wide, the lobes 2–3 mm. long, 3–5 mm. wide.
    Stigma
    Stigma exserted.
    Fruits
    Mericarps dark, linear-oblong, 3–4 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, reticulately ribbed.
    Habitat
    Roadside weed, grassland, bushland and forest; 0–1200 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in Africa from Sudan to South Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles, etc.Moldenke considers it is probably a native of tropical Asia whence it extends into the Pacificalso in S. America, W. Indies and Florida K7 P T3 T6 U4 Z

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Haiti, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gilbert Is., Hawaii, India, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

    Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Mag. 43: t. 1848 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fernandes, R.B. (2006). Contribução para o conhecimento das Avicenniaceae e Verbenaceae da Flora de Angola Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17(2): 5-68.
    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vasular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Fernandes, R.B. (2006). Contribução para o conhecimento das Avicenniaceae e Verbenaceae da Flora de Angola Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17(2): 5-68.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vasular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Moldenke in Rev. Fl. Ceylon 4: 257 (1983), as “ urticaefolia ” Sims (extensive information and synonymy).
    • Fosberg & Renvoize, Fl. Aldabra: 225 (1980).
    • Sims in Bot. Mag. 43, t. 1848 (1816).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0