1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Genus: Sauvagesia L.
      1. Sauvagesia erecta L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical Africa, Madagascar. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Herb, perennial or annual, with erect shoots up to c. 60 cm. high and frequently ± elongate ascending branches from the base, glabrous; stems slender, wiry, angular, green or sometimes reddish towards the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowed at the base but not usually petiolate; lamina 0·8–3 × 0·2–0·9 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, acute to obtuse or shortly apiculate at the apex, with margin serrulate and incrassate, narrowed at the base, membranous-papyraceous, with ascending main lateral veins prominent above but not below, and secondary and tertiary venation much less distinct; petiole slender, up to 4 mm. long, or more usually absent; stipules 4·5–7 mm. long, linear, with long-fimbriate margins.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or rarely paired, in axils of foliage leaves; pedicels (5) 8–20 mm. long, very slender, articulated at or up to 2 mm. above the base.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–7 mm. long, narrowly ovate, acute, green with pale margin.
    Corolla
    Petals white to pink, 5–8 × 3–5 mm., obovate, rounded, spreading.
    Androecium
    Outer filiform staminodes ? in an uninterrupted whorl, white in upper parts or wholly crimson to purplish, 0·5–1·5 mm. long; inner petaloid staminodes white with crimson to purplish base, 2·5–4·5 mm. long, oblong-elliptic, truncate to retuse or eroded at the apex; stamens with anthers yellow, 1·5–2 mm. long, oblong-linear.
    Pistil
    Ovary c. 1 mm. long, ovoid; style slender, 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 5 mm. long, ovoid; seeds 0·5 mm. long, cylindric-ellipsoid to ellipsoid, brownish-orange, with punctate testa.
    [FWTA]

    Ochnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Ecology
    A weed of rice swamps and other moist places.
    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb, semi-creeping or with erect shoots 5–60 cm tall, often with elongate branches from near the base, glabrous; stems red or purple-tinged, slender, wiry, angular.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic or oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, 0.8–3 cm long, 2–9 mm wide, acute to obtuse or shortly apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, thickened and serrulate at the margin; petiole usually absent but sometimes up to 4 mm long, slender; stipules linear, 4.5–7 mm long, with long-fimbriate margins.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or rarely paired; pedicels purplish, (5–)8–20 mm long, very slender.
    Calyx
    Sepals elliptic, 3–7 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals white to pink, obovate, 5–8 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, rounded at apex, spreading.
    Staminodes
    Outer filiform staminodes numerous in an uninterrupted whorl, crimson or purplish, sometimes white above. Inner petaloid staminodes white, crimson to purple at the base, oblong-elliptic, 2.5–4.5 mm long, truncate to retuse at apex; anthers yellow, linear-oblong, 1.5–2 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, 1 mm long; style slender, 1.5–2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, ± 5 mm long; seeds brownish orange, ellipoid or cylindric-ellipsoid, 0.5 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 9/1–6 (p. 56).
    Habitat
    Grassland in marshy areas, formations between grassland and Papyrus swamps, swamps on black cotton soils, swamp forest margins, sandy roadside gullies and irrigation channels, rice fields; 750–1200(–2100) m and at coast 0–9 m
    Distribution
    K3 P T1 T4 T6 U4 Z widespread from Senegal to Sudan and S to Angola, also in W Indies and S America
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2000 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Sauvagesia erecta L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [880], Mato Grosso K000578299
    Oct 1, 2006 Leite, K.R.B. [163], Brazil K001202581
    Dec 16, 1984 Heringer, E.P. [4700], Brazil K001202629
    Harley, R.M. [22595], Brazil K001202598
    Harley, R.M. [16983], Brazil K001202599
    Harley, R.M. [21632], Brazil K001202600
    Harley, R.M. [10442], Brazil K001202605
    Harley, R.M. [19379], Brazil K001202566
    Baldwin, J.T. [3232], Brazil K001202587
    Philcox, D. [3630], Brazil K001202602
    Philcox, D. [4033], Brazil K001202573
    Hooker [s.n.], Brazil K001202591
    Armstrong [s.n.], Brazil K001202595
    Ratter, J.A. [1314], Brazil K001202603
    Giulietti, A.M. [2222], Brazil K001202582
    Pirani, J.R. [3472], Brazil K001202624
    Pirani, J. [1277], Brazil K001202635
    Souza, R. [6879], Brazil K001202604
    Carvalho, A.M. [PCD1077], Brazil K001202568
    Arbo, M.M. [3175], Brazil K001202636
    Arbo, M.M. [7164], Brazil K001202567
    Irwin, H.S. [8522], Brazil K001202625
    Irwin, H.S. [47911], Brazil K001202626
    Irwin, H.S. [16816], Brazil K001202627
    Irwin, H.S. [32509], Brazil K001202638
    Irwin, H.S. [10976], Brazil K001202571
    Irwin, H.S. [10070], Brazil K001202572
    Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K001202614
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001202570
    Anderson, W.R. [9517], Brazil K001202574
    Langsdorff [s.n.], Brazil K001202579
    Calderon, C.E. [2612], Brazil K001202632
    Calderon, C.E. [2612], Brazil K001202633
    Duarte, A.P. [6010], Brazil K001202601
    Esteves, G.L. [15508], Brazil K001202583
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001202637
    Dusén, P. [6779], Brazil K001202569
    Baker, C.F. [66], Brazil K001202617
    Steward, W.C. [P/12677], Brazil K001202651
    Steward, W.C. [P/12719], Brazil K001202652
    Lowe, J. [4211], Brazil K001202630
    Gaudichaud [s.n.], Brazil K001202589
    Weir, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001202588
    Campbell, D.G. [P/22385], Brazil K001202644
    Mendonça, R.C. [175], Brazil K001202634
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001202616
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001202590
    Prance, G.T. [4509], Brazil K001202622
    Prance, G.T. [3824], Brazil K001202623
    Prance, G.T. [15975], Brazil K001202641
    Prance, G.T. [14102], Brazil K001202642
    Prance, G.T. [19350], Brazil K001202643
    Prance, G.T. [12153], Brazil K001202646
    Prance, G.T. [16246], Brazil K001202647
    Prance, G.T. [11644], Brazil K001202648
    Prance, G.T. [15323], Brazil K001202649
    Prance, G.T. [14189], Brazil K001202650
    Prance, G.T. [11288], Brazil K001202653
    Prance, G.T. [18313], Brazil K001202654
    Prance, G.T. [9877], Brazil K001202575
    Prance, G.T. [30453], Brazil K001202580
    Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001202592
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [3179], Brazil K001202631
    Strudwick, J.J. [3831], Brazil K001202640
    Costa, M.A.S. [477], Brazil K001202597
    Costa, M.A.S. [58], Brazil K001202584
    Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [3325], Brazil K001202628
    Gottsberger, G.K. [13/17183], Brazil K001202645
    Glaziou, A. [20649], Brazil K001202621
    Glaziou, A. [12435], Brazil K001202618
    Glaziou, A. [12436], Brazil K001202619
    Glaziou, A. [5739], Brazil K001202576
    Glaziou, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001202586
    Gardner [729], Brazil K001202594
    Faria, A.D. [96/387], Brazil K001202639
    Spruce [204], Brazil K001202596
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001202593
    Burchell [9956], Brazil K001202607
    Burchell [2664], Brazil K001202608
    Burchell [9554/2], Brazil K001202609
    Burchell [9387], Brazil K001202610
    Burchell [3469], Brazil K001202611
    Burchell [6847], Brazil K001202577
    Burchell [718 A], Brazil K001206067
    Martius [s.n.], Brazil K001202615
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001202613
    Glaziou [14498], Brazil K001202620
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001202578
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001206066
    P.J.M. [304], Brazil K001202655
    Lira Neto, J.A. [723], Brazil K001202585
    Guven [197], Brazil K001202612

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 203 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2017). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 17: 1-434. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ochnaceae: 1-60.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Bamps, P. & Farron, C. (1967). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Ochnaceae: 1-66. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 242.
    • —F.T.A. 1: 111
    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2017). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 17: 1-434. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
    • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ochnaceae: 1-60.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 94 (1994).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 26 (1980).
    • Bamps, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Ochnaceae: 57 (1967).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 260, t. 48, fig. A (1963).
    • F. White, White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 262 (1962).
    • Perrier, Fl. Madag. 139, Violacées: 46 (1955).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1 : 231 (1954).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 284 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 188 (1950).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2, 21: 83, fig. 43a (1925).
    • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 111 (1868).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 203 (1753).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0